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You May Survive Armageddon
Into God's New World


A-do-nay' Comes to His Temple

BEFORE all false religion is destroyed in the war of Armageddon a noteworthy event suddenly takes place at God's true temple. Over four hundred years before the Christian era God foretold it by his prophet Malachi in these words: "Behold, I send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me; and the Lord whom ye seek will suddenly come to his temple, and the Angel of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he cometh, saith Jehovah of hosts." — Malachi 3:1, Da; also Nácar-Colunga, Spanish.*

2 The fulfillment of this prophecy was to take place at a time when most of those who professed to serve God at his temple, even those claiming to be priests, would worship him only formally. They would have an inward contempt for his worship, offering and approving defective sacrifices, neglecting the required support of his worship, preferring worldly connections to true relationship with God's organization, doubting whether there

* An American Translation renders Malachi 3:1: "'Behold, I will send forth my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me! And suddenly to his temple shall come the Lord whom you are seeking! And the messenger of the covenant in whom you delight — behold, he comes,' says the LORD [Jehovah] of hosts." The following Bible versions read similarly: Leeser, Soncino, American Baptist, English; Kautzsch, Elberfelder, Menge. German; Segond, L'École Blblique de Jérusalem, French; Bover-Cantera, Spanish; United Bible Societies, Brazilian.
1. What event did Malachi foretell to take place before all false religion is destroyed at Armageddon?
2. When was the fulfillment of this prophecy to take place, and what was to result from the Lord's coming to his temple?

would be any divine punishment for the wicked, and feeling that it did not pay to keep God's ways and commandments literally, worshiping him with spirit and truth. Unexpectedly the Lord would come to his temple, and this would result in purifying God's true people and their teachings and practices and in revealing who are the true worshipers of God and who are the hypocritical and what are the rewards to each class of worshipers. This important event becomes of serious concern to all of us, particularly the people of Christendom, when the facts of the day combine to show that the Lord has come to his temple and is present there.

3 At once the questions arise, When did the Lord come to his temple? Who is this Lord? Who is the messenger sent to prepare the way before Jehovah? Who is the Angel or messenger of the covenant, and of what covenant? There are inspired Scriptures and genuine facts of history to help us in getting at the correct answers. And it is startling to note that there was a first or minor fulfillment of the prophecy nineteen centuries ago and there is a second or major and complete fulfillment in our century.

4 As regards the first fulfillment, we have this inspired record identifying who the messenger was that was sent to prepare the way before Jehovah: "The beginning of the good news about Jesus Christ: Just as it is written in Isaiah the prophet, '(Here I am, sending forth my messenger before you, to prepare your way;) a voice of a man crying out in the wilderness, "Prepare the way of Jehovah, make his roads straight," ' John the baptizer turned up in the wilderness, preaching baptism of

3. What questions at once arise, and how are we helped in getting at the correct answers?
4. As shown by Mark and Jesus, who was the messenger sent to prepare the way before Jehovah in the first fulfillment?

those repenting for forgiveness of sins." (Mark 1:1-4, NW) The inspired writer Mark combines here the prophecies of Malachi 3:1 and Isaiah 40:3 and applies them to John, the son of an Aaronic priest. This John was the forerunner of Jesus and baptized him in the Jordan River, about twenty miles to the east of Jerusalem. Jesus Christ himself identified John the Baptist as the messenger of Malachi 3:1. Concerning John who was then in jail for his faithfulness Jesus said: "This is he concerning whom it is written, 'Here I am, sending forth my messenger before you, to prepare your way ahead of you!' Truly I say to you people, Among those born of women there has not been raised up a greater than John the Baptist; but a person that is a lesser one in the kingdom of the heavens is greater than he is. From the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of the heavens is the goal toward which men press, and those pressing forward are seizing it. For all, the Prophets and the Law, prophesied until John."  — Matthew 11:10-15, NW; Luke 7:27, 28.

5 Who, then, was "the Lord" that came to "his temple" suddenly or unexpectedly? It was the One to whom the temple belongs, he who speaks of it as "his temple," Jehovah of hosts. It is not the temple of any creature. The temple at Jerusalem was always spoken of as the "temple of Jehovah" and as the "house of God," "the house of Jehovah." God spoke of it as "my house" and put his own name "Jehovah" upon it; and Jesus Christ his Son spoke of it as "my Father's house."*

6 In the Hebrew the word A-don' translated "Lord" means "master." At Malachi 3:1 a special

* 2 Chronicles 26: 16 and Jeremiah 7:10, 4, AS; Ezra 1: 7, Da; Isaiah 56: 7; 1 Kings 9: 3, 7; John 2:16.
5. Who, then, is "the Lord" that comes to his temple?
6. How, by the Hebrew expression for "the Lord," is it proved that the Lord who comes is Jehovah? So what warning is given?

form of the Hebrew word occurs, ha-A-don', namely, the word A-don' with the article ha ("the") before it. In the Hebrew text this expression ha-A-don' occurs only eight times. At Exodus 23: 17 and 34:23 the expression "the Lord Jehovah" occurs twice; and at Isaiah 1:24; 3:1; 10: 16, 33; 19:4 the expression "the Lord, Jehovah of hosts" occurs five times. (Da) In these seven cases of the expression ha-A-don' it unmistakably applies to Jehovah, and at Malachi 3:1* there is no exception; it applies to Jehovah, who is the master of "his temple" to which he comes. In harmony with this fact the warning is given: "Jehovah is in his holy temple. Let all the earth keep silence before him!" (Habakkuk 2:20, Da) "Jehovah is in his holy temple; Jehovah, his throne is in heaven; his eyes behold, his eyelids try, the children of men."  — Psalm 11:4, AS.

7 It is Jehovah who sends his messenger ahead to prepare the way before Him; and it is Jehovah, "the Lord," the Great Master, who comes to his own temple for judgment purposes. Isaiah caught a vision that was prophetic of the time when Jehovah had come to his temple to judge his people. Isaiah describes the vision in these words: "In the year of the death of king Uzziah, I saw the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up; and his train filled the temple. Seraphim were standing above him: each had six wings; with twain he covered his face, and with twain he covered his feet, and with twain he flew. And one called to the other and said, Holy, holy, holy is Jehovah of hosts; the whole earth is full of his

* In the Greek Septuagint Version (LXX), instead of "the Lord," it uses the word Ky'ri-os without the definite article. This is the regular Greek equivalent for "Jehovah."
7. What vision did Isaiah have that was prophetic of when Jehovah had come to his temple to judge? And what Hebrew word did he use that is here translated "the Lord"?

glory! And the foundations of the thresholds shook at the voice of him that cried, and the house was filled with smoke. And I said, Woe unto me! for I am undone; for I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips: for mine eyes have seen the King, Jehovah of hosts." (Isaiah 6:1-5, Da) Here it is the Hebrew word A-do-nay' that is translated "the Lord." A-do-nay' is the plural of excellence of the word a-don', but the more ancient plural ending ay is attached instead of im.

8 In the traditional Hebrew text A-do-nay' occurs over 300 times and in all cases it applies to Jehovah God. For example, Job 28:28 (Da) reads: "Lo, the fear of the Lord [A-do-nay'], that is wisdom." (Also Isaiah 8:5-7) The expression A-do-nay' Jehovah occurs 276 times, the expression Jehovah A-do-nay' once (Habakkuk 3:19, Da), and "A-do-nay' Jehovah of hosts" 19 times. Moreover, there are 134 cases in the traditional Hebrew text where A-do-nay' should properly read Jehovah, for the Jewish Sopherim or copyists changed the original text from Jehovah to read A-do-nay' in their traditional text. In Isaiah's vision A-do-nay' means Jehovah* as the Great or Most Excellent Lord; for Isaiah, after beholding A-do-nay' on the throne in the temple, cries out: "Mine eyes have seen the King, Jehovah of hosts." Thus it was A-do-nay' that came to his temple to judge.

9 Now since in the first fulfillment of the

* At Isaiah 6: 1 about 100 Hebrew manuscripts read Jehovah instead of A-do-nay'. In fact, this is one of the 134 places where the Hebrew Sopherim changed "Jehovah" to A-do-nay' so that Isaiah should not say he saw Jehovah.
8. From what use of A-do-nay' in the Hebrew Bible do we know that A-do-nay' in Isaiah 6:1 means Jehovah?
9,10. (a) In Malachi 3:1, with whom has it been the custom to identify the "Angel [or, messenger] of the covenant"? (b) Who is the "Angel of the covenant," and of what covenant?

prophecy John the Baptist was the messenger that prepared the way, and the Lord who came to his temple was Jehovah God, the question is, Who, then, was the "Angel [or, messenger] of the covenant," who was to come and in whom Jehovah's people delighted? The usual custom has been to interpret the "Angel of the covenant" as meaning the same as "the Lord" who comes to his temple. However, it is Scripturally clear that the "Angel of the covenant" and "the Lord" are two different individuals. Jesus Christ repeatedly stated that he came to earth not of his own accord but that his heavenly Father Jehovah had sent him; and John the Baptist was the messenger who was sent about six months ahead of Jesus to prepare Jehovah's way, to get the Jews ready for the coming of the "Angel of the covenant."

10 John's father said at his circumcision: "As for you, young child, you will be called a prophet of the Most High, for you will pioneer before Jehovah to make his ways ready, to give knowledge of salvation to his people by forgiveness of their sins, because of the tender compassion of our God." (Luke 1:59, 76-78, NW) Unquestionably, then, Jehovah's "Angel [or, messenger] of the covenant" is Jesus, anointed with holy spirit after his baptism in the Jordan. Hence Jesus also had to come to Jehovah's temple, and to do so as Jehovah's representative or Angel. The covenant of which he is the Angel or messenger is not the law covenant, which God made with the Israelites through Moses, but a covenant 430 years older than that. It is the covenant that God made with Abraham their forefather, saying: "I shall make a great nation out of you and I shall bless you and I will make your name great; and prove yourself a blessing. And ... all the families of the ground will certainly bless themselves by means of you."  — Genesis 12:2, 3, NW.


11 The fact that "the Lord" and the "Angel of the covenant" are two, namely, Jehovah God and Jesus Christ, agrees with the features of Isaiah's vision at the temple. After Isaiah underwent a cleansing there at the temple he said: "And I heard the voice of the Lord [A-do-nay'} saying, Whom shall I send, and who will go for us? And I said, Here am I; send me." (Isaiah 6:8, Da) The Lord's saying, "Who will go for us?" indicates that he was speaking for at least another besides himself. That other person was his Angel of the covenant who was representing A-do-nay' Jehovah there at the temple. For the mortal man Isaiah could not look upon the face of God himself and keep living; as Jehovah God told the prophet Moses: "You are not able to see my face, because no man may see me and yet live." (Exodus 33:20, NW) Also the apostle John shows that Jehovah's Angel of the covenant was there acting for God at the temple when he says this about the Jews' refusing to believe in Jesus: "The reason why they were not able to believe is that again Isaiah said: 'He has blinded their eyes and he has made their hearts hard, that they should not see with their eyes and get the thought with their hearts and turn around and I should heal them.' Isaiah said these things because he saw his glory, and he spoke about him." — John 12:39-41, NW; Isaiah 6:8-10.

12 In the first fulfillment of Malachi's prophecy nineteen hundred years ago did the Lord's "Angel of the covenant" come to the temple at Jerusalem? Yes, not as a mere worshiper of the Lord Jehovah, but as a judicial messenger; and the Lord Jehovah was accompanying him by his holy spirit and was coming to the temple representatively by means of

11. How does this fact agree with A-do-nay''s saying to Isaiah at the temple, "Who will go for us?"
12, 13. What was the difference between Jesus' coming to the temple at Jerusalem A.D. 30 and A.D. 33?

his messenger or Angel. True, Jesus Christ did come to the literal temple in the spring of A.D. 30, during the first Jewish passover celebration after he had been baptized in water and anointed with the holy spirit. At that time he did drive the commercial salesmen and the greedy moneychangers out of the temple, saying: "Take these things away from here! Stop making the house of my Father a house of merchandise!" — John 2:13-16, NW.

13 But at that time Jesus did not offer himself to them at the temple as the anointed King of Jehovah's people, for he was just beginning his public work of bearing witness to the truth and he had yet three years to go. In the year 33 he came again to the temple, this time presenting himself as their God-given King, the Son of King David and the Offspring of Abraham by means of whom all the nations of the earth would certainly bless themselves. (Genesis 22:15-18, NW) He came riding in kingly fashion upon the colt of an ass, while at the same time his disciples were waving palm branches and shouting: "Save, we pray, the Son of David! Blessed is he that comes in Jehovah's name! Save him, we pray, in the heights above!" "Blessed is the coming kingdom of our father David!" "Blessed is the One coming as the King in Jehovah's name! Peace in heaven, and glory in the heights above!" The city of Jerusalem was figuratively spoken of as the "daughter of Zion," and Jesus' royal ride into her was in fulfillment of Zechariah's prophecy: "Have no fear, daughter of Zion. Look! your king is coming, seated upon an ass's colt."  — Matthew 21:7-9; Mark 11:9,10; Luke 19:38 and John 12:12-16, NW.

14 That was appropriately the tenth day of the first Jewish lunar month, Nisan, and after en-

14. At this latter coming to the temple how did the religious leaders act toward Jesus, and what did he do there?

tering Jerusalem according to the prophetic description Jesus went to the temple. The Jewish rulers did not there welcome him as the Messiah, the Christ, the Angel of the covenant in whom they professed to take a delight. Partly out of fear of the Roman government over them and more because of their own selfish ambitions and


prejudices, the priests, Levites, lawyers, scribes, Pharisees and Sadducees refused to accept him and anoint him as Messiah the Prince. They carried forward their plot to kill him. So all that Jesus did there at the temple the afternoon of that day was to look around upon all things. The next morning he returned to Jerusalem and re-entered the temple. Then he acted in a judicial role for Jehovah and cleansed the temple as far as he could of its commercial crowd, saying: "Is it not written, 'My house will be called a house of prayer for all the nations'? But you have made it a cave of robbers." (Mark 11:11-18, NW; John 11:46-54) It is after the account of this that the apostle John makes his application of Isaiah's vision of A-do-nay' at the temple in his glory, pronouncing condemnation upon the religionists who had willfully blind eyes, heavily dull ears and thickly fatted hearts. — John 12:12-19, 36-43.

15 The following day Jesus at Jerusalem pronounced terrible woes upon the religious hypocrites whom he exposed. He ended up addressing the murderous city of Jerusalem and saying to her inhabitants concerning their temple: "Look! your house is abandoned to you." Since they had willfully rejected the Lord's Angel of the covenant and had made the temple a cave of robbers and murderers, the Lord Jehovah had abandoned the temple. It was no more his house, but theirs, to perish with them. Accordingly, after being shown the grand buildings of the temple, Jesus pronounced its doom, saying: "By no means will a stone be left here upon a stone and not be thrown down." Later, when asked privately about the time for this, he tied the temple's destruction to his great prophecy on the complete end of this

15. Next day what did Jesus have to say regarding the temple, and with what did he connect his prophecy concerning it? Why?

world or system of things. By this he showed that the temple's destruction back there was prophetic of the destruction to come upon the antitypical religious system at the end of Christendom and of all the world at Armageddon. — Matthew 23:1 to 24:22, NW.

16 However, there was more to A-do-nay''s coming to his temple than the foregoing. The Jews did not really "seek" A-do-nay' or the Lord Jehovah, because they did not seek his Messenger of the covenant by means of whom He came. Only a faithful remnant showed they sought Him, but the majority rejected Him. They had his Son nailed to a tree till dead. When the Messenger of the covenant on the tree made his final cry with a loud voice and ceased to breathe, "look! the curtain of the sanctuary [of the temple] was rent in two, from top to bottom, and the earth quaked, and the rock-masses were split." (Matthew 27:50, 51, NW) That was truly a visitation of A-do-nay' Jehovah at the temple by means of his active force or his spirit. It was indeed a time of judgment upon the Jews, a time of their being inspected, which they did not discern. (Luke 19:44, NW) But A-do-nay' Jehovah judged his Messenger of the covenant to be faithful and true. So on the third day of his death the Lord Jehovah declared him "righteous in spirit" by raising him from the dead in the spirit, an immortal, heavenly, spirit creature, never to die again. (1 Timothy 3:16, NW) "He being put to death in the flesh, but being made alive in the spirit." — 1 Peter 3:18, NW; Romans 6:9.

17 To show himself alive to his faithful disciples,

16. (a) Did the Jews then show that they sought the Lord Jehovah, and how did Jehovah himself make a visitation at their temple? (b) How did Jehovah judge his Messenger and show it?
17. Forty days later how did A-do-nay' Jehovah come to his antitypical temple with a favorable judgment?

the resurrected Messenger of the covenant materialized in flesh on a number of occasions the same as heavenly angels had done on previous occasions. Thus he renewed the faith and hope of his disciples who were soon to become "living stones" in the spiritual temple of God. Forty days from his resurrection he ascended from the Mount of Olives into heaven and vanished from the sight of his onlooking disciples. (Acts 1:1-11) He returned to the presence of his heavenly Father, A-do-nay' Jehovah, and there Jehovah laid him as the Foundation Cornerstone of the spiritual temple on the heavenly Mount Zion. (Isaiah 28: 16; Romans 9:33; 1 Peter 2:4-7) By this action A-do-nay' Jehovah came to his temple, his antitypical temple, with a favorable judgment upon its chief "living stone," Jesus Christ. — Acts 7:56.

18 On the day of the festival of Pentecost, or ten days after his ascension to heaven, the glorified Jesus Christ, the one greater than King Solomon the temple builder, began the preparatory building work on the spiritual temple of which he was the living Foundation Cornerstone. At that festival in Jerusalem Jehovah God by means of his holy spirit begot Jesus' disciples assembled in that city to make them his spiritual sons. Then through Jesus at his right hand in heaven Jehovah poured out his holy spirit upon these spiritual sons to form them into the first "living stones" of the spiritual temple of God, displacing the material temple in Jerusalem. As the apostle Peter declared on this very occasion: "This Jesus God resurrected, of which fact we are all witnesses. Therefore because he was exalted to the right hand of God and received the promised holy spirit from the Father, he has poured out this which you see and hear." (Acts 2:32, 33, NW) By thus

18. Ten days later how did the glorified Messenger come to the temple of Jehovah?

first turning his attention to the temple-building work, the glorified Messenger of the covenant came to the temple as the representative of A-do-nay' Jehovah. This was in an initial or miniature fulfillment of Malachi 3:1.

19 The above-described events, Jesus Christ's coming to A-do-nay' Jehovah's temple and cleansing it, his death on the tree and the rending of the temple curtain in two, Jehovah's raising him from the dead and laying him as the Foundation Cornerstone in the heavenly Mount Zion, and his begetting of the first Jewish disciples of Jesus Christ and anointing them to be living temple stones, all these events took place one after the other in close succession. They all took place from the middle of the fourth year after Jesus the Messenger of the covenant had been baptized in water and been begotten and brought forth as a spiritual Son of God and been anointed with the holy spirit to be Jehovah's Priest after the likeness of Melchizedek, the ancient king-priest of the Most High God.

20 Just as the typical temple with its animal sacrifices was abandoned by Jehovah God and the sacrifice and oblation there ceased to have further value, so a new, antitypical spiritual temple with a better high priest and a better and truly effective sacrifice came into being. This was three and a half years after Jesus' being begotten spiritually and anointed with the holy spirit. This was in the midst of the foretold 'seventieth week' of years. (Daniel 9:24-27)* Since the spiritual

* See the book "This Means Everlasting Life", chapter VIII, pages 81-91.
19. Thus what temple events took place in close succession, and from what time on?
20. At what time was that according to Daniel 9:24-27, and why was that only a minor or miniature fulfillment of Malachi 3:1?

temple was only beginning back there and must yet be completed after centuries of preparing other living temple stones, it is plain that the fulfillment of Malachi 3:1 nineteen centuries ago was only a minor or miniature one. The major and final, complete fulfillment of the prophecy must come when the antitypical spiritual temple is being completed. Nicely the time relationship of the pertinent events back there helps us to determine the time of the prophecy's complete fulfillment down here.


21 The last book of the Bible, called The Revelation, written about A.D. 96, showed that there was to be a yet future inspection of the spiritual temple of God. It associates this and other startling events at the temple with the setting up of God's kingdom and the coming of his royal Son Jesus Christ into Kingdom authority. The apostle John, the writer of the Revelation, says:

22 "And a reed like a rod was given me as he said: 'Get up and measure the temple sanctuary of God and the altar and those worshiping in it. But as for the court that is outside the temple sanctuary, cast it clear out and do not measure it, because it has been given to the nations, and they will trample the holy city underfoot for forty-two months.' And the seventh angel blew his trumpet. And loud voices occurred in heaven saying: 'The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of his Christ, and he will rule as king for ever and ever.' And the twenty-four persons of advanced age who were seated before God upon their thrones fell upon their faces and worshiped God, saying: 'We thank

21, 22. How does the last book of the Bible show there was to be a yet future inspection of the spiritual temple of God?

you, Jehovah God, the Almighty, the one who is and who was, because you have taken your great power and begun ruling as king. But the nations became wrathful, and your own wrath came, and the appointed time for the dead to be judged, and to give their reward to your slaves the prophets and to the holy ones and to those fearing your name, the small and the great, and to bring to ruin those ruining the earth.' And the temple sanctuary of God that is in heaven was opened, and the ark of his covenant was seen in his temple sanctuary. And there occurred lightnings and voices and thunders and an earthquake and a great hail. And a great sign was seen in heaven, a woman arrayed with the sun, and the moon was beneath her feet, and on her head was a crown of twelve stars, and she was pregnant. And she cries out in her pains and in her agony to give birth. And she gave birth to a son, a male, who is destined to shepherd all the nations with an iron rod. And her child was caught away to God and to his throne." — Revelation 11:1, 2, 15-19; 12:1, 2, 5, NW.

23 Note that, after the announcement of Jehovah's taking his power and beginning to rule as king, "the nations became wrathful." This draws our attention to the year 1914 (A.D.). Suddenly, contrary to all the arrangements for global peace, World War I broke out, with finally 27 Allied Powers waging war against four Central Powers. Apparently the nations became wrathful over the issue of world domination, but really they were wrathful against Jehovah God and his Christ, the King-Priest Jesus. He had decreed that the so-called "times of the Gentiles" or "the appointed times of the nations" should end in that year 1914, about October 1. Their grant of power

23. In fulfillment of that prophecy, when did the nations 'become wrathful,' and why or against whom?

to rule the globe without the interference of God's kingdom began with the destruction of royal Jerusalem and her temple and the laying waste of her realm about October 1 in 607 B.C. The "appointed times" of the Gentile nations being limited to 2,520 years, their grant of power was due to expire A.D. 1914, about October 1. So their ruling the globe was due to be interfered with by God's kingdom at that time. That meant that God's kingdom was there due to begin by His taking his great power and beginning to reign. God's long-promised, long-prayed-for kingdom was there due to be born and begin regulating the earth from heaven. It was born, and the "kingdom of the world" became the kingdom of the Lord Jehovah and of his Christ, Jesus his King-Priest.

24 From the womb of his symbolic woman enveloped in heavenly lights, namely, his heavenly angelic organization, Jehovah the heavenly Father brought forth his kingdom by bringing forth his anointed King-Priest Jesus Christ and elevating him to the active kingship in the throne at God's right hand. The entire devilish organization was unable to prevent it. The symbolic male child thus born was "destined to shepherd all the nations with an iron rod." So this kingdom of God by means of his Christ must begin interfering with the nations of Satan's world in order that God's will might come to pass also on earth the same as it does in heaven. (Matthew 6:9, 10, NW) Against the wrath of the nations Jehovah God matched his own wrath to be expressed through his King, to bring to ruin at the war of Armageddon those ruining the earth. The time for the resurrection also drew near, "the appointed time

24. (a) How was the Kingdom brought forth, and what was its destiny regarding the nations? (b) The time for what else drew near, requiring A-do-nay''s coming to the temple?

for the dead to be judged," and also the time for God's temple sanctuary in heaven to be opened and for the divine presence, symbolized by the "ark of his covenant," to be discerned there. That meant that A-do-nay' must come to His temple, accompanied by the Angel or Messenger of the covenant in whom the faithful worshipers delight. When was this due to occur? When did it occur?

25 Nineteen hundred years ago Jesus was baptized in the Jordan River by Jehovah's advance messenger John, and Jehovah immediately pronounced him His approved spiritual Son, saying: "This is my Son, the beloved, whom I have approved." At that same time the holy spirit or active force was poured out upon Jesus anointing him to be a royal priest like Melchizedek. (Matthew 3:13-17, NW) That was about October 1, A.D. 29, the thirtieth anniversary of his human birth. (Luke 3:21-23) Afterward for three years and a half he acted as a witness of Jehovah and proclaimed: "Look! the kingdom of God is in your midst." Jesus, as the one whom Jehovah anointed for the heavenly kingdom, was there in the midst of his enemies, the Pharisees and others. He instructed his disciples, when preaching, to warn the enemy resisters: "Keep this in mind, that the kingdom of God has come near." (Luke 17:20, 21; 10:10, 11, NW) Toward the end of the three years and a half of preaching, witnessing and warning and preparing the future temple stones, Jesus rode like a king into Jerusalem, came to God's temple there, cleansed it and later pronounced its doom. Several days later, Nisan 14, A.D. 33, or passover day, he poured out his human soul in death as a sacrifice for mankind and went to She'ol, the common grave of man-

25. (a) For three and a half years after his baptism, as what did Jesus act and in the midst of whom? (b) What temple events then took place, reaching a climax at Pentecost?

kind. On the third day Almighty God's power resurrected him from death and the grave to become the heavenly Foundation Cornerstone of Jehovah's spiritual temple. The fiftieth day from then, or on Pentecost, God used him to pour out the holy spirit and bring forth "living stones" of the spiritual temple to be built upon him. — Acts 4:10-12; 2:32-36.

26 Corresponding with Jesus' being begotten by God's spirit and his being anointed to be King-Priest is the birth of God's kingdom in 1914 by the crowning and throning of his anointed King-Priest Jesus Christ, at the end of the "appointed times of the nations." This heavenly kingdom had to begin ruling in the midst of its foes, amid the nations already raging in World War I. Despite this, God said: "Yet I have set my king upon my holy hill of Zion." And his "set" King then said: "I will tell of the decree: Jehovah said unto me, Thou art my son; this day have I begotten thee. Ask of me, and I will give thee the nations for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the' earth for thy possession. Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel." (Psalm 2:1-9, AS) So in 1914 the installed King-Priest Jesus Christ was a newborn king, ruling amidst his enemies.

27 Nineteen centuries ago, it was three years and a half after Jesus' baptism, spirit-begettal and anointing with holy spirit that he came to Jerusalem's typical temple a few days before the passover, offering himself as Zion's king. To

26. In this century, what corresponds with Jesus' being begotten after his baptism and then anointed to be Jehovah's King-Priest?
27. How do we now measure to ascertain when the coming to the temple occurred, how was that coming, and how was A-do-nay''s presence there pictured in the Revelation?

correspond with that back there, we measure three years and a half from October 1,1914, when the glorified Jesus Christ became the newborn king of the new world. This brings us to passover season of 1918. The passover night that year was Tuesday, March 26. According to the time parallel, A-do-nay' must have come to his spiritual temple shortly before that passover date. Being a Spirit whom no man can see, A-do-nay''s coming was necessarily with the invisibility of a Spirit Person. His Messenger of the covenant being now also a divine immortal spirit, his coming to the spiritual temple in company with A-do-nay' was also necessarily spiritual and invisible to human eyes. A-do-nay''s presence at the spiritual temple was symbolized by the sight of the "ark of his covenant" in the opened temple sanctuary in heaven. Such a sight pictured something phenomenal, for the typical ark of the covenant had disappeared at the first destruction of Jerusalem in 607 B.C. and was never put back in the Most Holy of any rebuilt temple in Jerusalem. So the Ark's being seen in the temple sanctuary most impressively indicated that A-do-nay' Jehovah had come to his temple, accompanied by his Angel or Messenger of the covenant, his King-Priest Jesus Christ. Thus what had taken place in the invisible spirit realm unseen to our natural eyes in the spring of 1918 amidst the wrath of the warring nations was pictured to our eyes of understanding in The Revelation.

28 The time when the symbolic ark was seen in the temple sanctuary was connected with the time, not only for God's wrath against the nations, but for the dead to be judged and rewarded according to their deserts. Nineteen centuries ago

28. When, therefore, did the resurrecting of the symbolic temple stones asleep in death take place, and when was the Foundation Cornerstone laid in Zion in a complete sense?

Jesus' resurrection occurred about six days after his coming to the temple and driving out the commercial defilers of it. In 1918 at the time of A-do-nay''s coming with his Messenger of the covenant to His temple there were a remnant of the "living stones" of the temple class still in the flesh on the earth, and they were expecting by human death and heavenly resurrection to be built into the heavenly temple for God to inhabit by his spirit. However, the vast majority of the 144,000 members of Christ's body who had been prepared here on earth for being made "living stones" in the heavenly temple had already died as humans and were sleeping in death, awaiting the setting up of God's kingdom and the coming of A-do-nay' to his temple. At the temple was where his Messenger of the covenant in whom they delighted was to appear or be manifested; they loved his appearing or manifestation. (1 Thessalonians 4:13-17; 2 Timothy 4:8, NW) It is reasonable to believe, therefore, that the resurrecting of these symbolic temple stones asleep in death took place shortly after the arrival of A-do-nay' and his Messenger of the covenant at the spiritual temple in the spring of 1918. They could now be joined to the Messenger Jesus Christ, whom Jehovah at that time laid as the Foundation Cornerstone of the spiritual temple on the heavenly Mount Zion in a final and complete sense, thus coming to his temple. — See paragraph 17; Isaiah 28:16.

29 Remember, too, that on the fiftieth day from Jesus' own resurrection God's spirit was poured out upon the faithful Jewish remnant, Christ's disciples, making them part of the spiritual temple. Similarly, after A-do-nay''s coming with his Messenger of the covenant to the spiritual temple

29. On the fiftieth day from Jesus' resurrection what development took place regarding the spiritual temple, and so what was due to follow the coming to the temple in 1918?

in the spring of 1918 there was due to follow an outpouring of God's spirit upon the faithful remnant still in the flesh on earth, to revive them in God's temple service and worship on earth. The facts show that so there was.

30 As to time scheduling, this corresponds with the building of the typical temple by King Solomon. His father King David abdicated his throne in his old age, and Solomon began reigning before his father died. It is possible he began reigning in the fall of the year, around October 1, and that such year in the Jewish calendar was an accession year or year of accession to the throne. However, the regnal years of Israelite kings began counting from the first Jewish lunar month in the spring of the year, at Nisan 1. (2 Samuel 5:4, 5; 1 Chronicles 29:22) When, now, after Solomon became king did he start to build the material temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem? The inspired Record replies: "He started to build in the second month on the second [day], in the fourth year of his reign." — 2 Chronicles 3:2, NW; 1 Kings 6:1.

31 The second Jewish lunar month, called Ziv, began about the middle of our month April, so that the second day of the second lunar month, Ziv, in 1034 B.C., was about April 17, Gregorian time. So if Solomon's accession year began in the autumn of the year 1038 B.C., his starting to build the temple, his coming to the temple-construction work, was about three years and a half after his accession to the throne. However it is calculated, his starting the erection of the temple took place in his fourth year, just as it was in the fourth year after Jesus' anointing with God's

30. As to time scheduling, with the starting to build what does this correspond?
31. So about what date did Solomon come to the temple-construction work, how does this agree with events In Jesus' earthly life, and to what belief does it give a measure of support?

spirit to be King-Priest that he came as the Messenger of A-do-nay' to the rebuilt temple in Jerusalem. This timing of events in Solomon's day, therefore, gives a measure of support to the belief that A-do-nay' accompanied by his royal Messenger of the covenant came to the temple in the early spring of 1918. Modern events following this date give added proof to the correctness of this calculation.

32 According to Malachi's prophecy a period of severe judgment had to follow the coming of A-do-nay' and his Angel of the covenant to the temple. Upon it hinged the successful completion of the spiritual temple in heaven. The resurrecting of the temple stones from the sleep of death during A-do-nay''s presence with his Angel or Messenger at the temple showed a favorable judgment of these temple stones. Thus this part of the temple was put in a place of security and upon a Foundation Cornerstone where it could never be destroyed at the "war of the great day of God the Almighty." It will survive Armageddon, to perpetuate Jehovah's worship throughout the universe, whereas Christendom's temple of confused religion will perish ingloriously as Jerusalem's temples did. That heavenly temple will be completed successfully by the glorifying of the faithful living temple stones yet in the flesh on the earth. For a time after A-do-nay' came to the temple in 1918 the position of this remnant of temple stones looked very perilous and their survival of Armageddon was seemingly a questionable matter. But now the survival of these members of Jehovah's temple class is made sure by his undeserved kindness. We now go on to learn how.

32. What was to follow A-do-nay' and his Angel's coming to the temple in 1918, and how did the completion of the spiritual temple hinge upon it?

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