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You May Survive Armageddon
Into God's New World


Building the Armageddon-surviving Temple

THE first temple to Jehovah, built on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem, was demolished with the entire city in 607 B.C., to the shock and surprise of the hypocritical worshipers in it. Not even the previous portable structure of worship, the tabernacle that Moses had built in the wilderness at the foot of the mountain of God, was carried to the land of captivity, Babylon, that the deported Jews might there carry on a form of worship of Jehovah. The temple to Jehovah that was built by the restored captives during the next century and later altered and enlarged by King Herod was likewise destroyed hundreds of years later, in the year 70 of the so-called "Christian era."

2 Did that prove the worship of Jehovah to be wrong? No! Did it result in destroying the worship of Jehovah as the only living and true God? Not in the least! It only served to make the facts concerning the true and right worship of the Most High God appear more vivid and forceful. It only gave emphasis to the truism spoken by the Christian witness of Jehovah, the apostle Paul: "The God that made the world and all the things in it, being, as this One is, Lord of heaven and earth, does not dwell in handmade temples, neither is

1. What happened to the first temple built on Mount Moriah at Jerusalem and also to that built by the remnant restored from Babylon?
2. Did that destroy Jehovah's worship, and what did it prove respecting his worship?

he attended to by human hands as if he needed anything, because he himself gives to all persons life and breath and all things. And he made out of one man every nation of men, to dwell upon the entire surface of the earth, and he decreed the appointed seasons and the set limits of the dwelling of men, for them to seek God, if they might grope for him and really find him, although, in fact, he is not far off from each one of us." — Acts 17:24-27, NW.

3 When Jehovah God created the perfect man Adam and put him in the paradise of Eden, he did not provide a material temple nor did he command Adam to build a temple of wood or stone there. He talked out of the invisible with Adam in no material religious building. Down to the global flood in Noah's day there was no temple on earth to God. Jehovah did not command his first faithful witness Abel to build a temple for him to offer animal sacrifices there. He did not command his prophet Enoch to do so. Noah he commanded to build an ark, not a temple, in order to survive the flood. There is no Scriptural record that a material temple to Jehovah was destroyed in that flood, nor did Noah build one during his 350 years after it. In the days of Noah's son Shem, Melchizedek was the "priest of the Most High" but built no temple to Jehovah in the city of Salem of which he was king; and Abraham did not go to any temple there to offer tithes to Jehovah through his priest Melchizedek. He offered the tenth of all the spoils of his God-given victory directly to the king-priest Melchizedek. — Genesis 14:18-20.

4 Abraham's son Isaac and his grandson Jacob

3. From Adam to Melchizedek, to whom Abraham paid tithes, what can be said about a temple to Jehovah God?
4. From Abraham's son Isaac to Israel's deliverance from Egypt, what can be said about a temple to Jehovah God?

did not worship the Most High God Almighty in any man-made temple. Nor did Jacob's twelve sons and their families do so. For two hundred and fifteen years the twelve families of Jacob or Israel lived as temporary residents in the land of Egypt with its temples to its many false gods, and there they became the "twelve tribes of Israel." (Genesis 46:2-27; 49:28) At the end of those years, in 1513 B.C., Jehovah delivered the twelve tribes of Israel from the land of Egypt, where the ruler Pharaoh had forced them into slavery. By a miracle Jehovah brought his chosen people through the Red Sea and into the Arabian wilderness of Sinai to the foot of Mount Horeb, and there he organized them as a nation and gave them his theocratic law.

5 Through the prophet Moses as a go-between or mediator the twelve tribes of Israel entered into a covenant with Jehovah to keep this law that required them to worship him as the only living and true God, the Sovereign of the universe, the King of eternity. It was while Moses was alone on top of the mountain, conversing with Jehovah's angel, that Jehovah gave Moses his law for Israel and commanded him to build a tabernacle or tent for carrying on the worship of Jehovah as God. He also chose Moses' brother Aaron to be the first high priest at this tabernacle and the sons of Aaron to be the underpriests; and since Moses and Aaron both belonged to the tribe of Levi, Jehovah chose all the other males of the tribe of Levi to be the servants or assistants of the Aaronic priesthood at the tabernacle or tent of meeting. This tabernacle had two compartments, the first called The Holy and the second or innermost or rear compartment called The Most Holy or Holy of Holies. In the Most Holy the ark of the covenant

5. Who was Jehovah's mediator there, what arrangements for worship did Jehovah there command to be established, and how was Jehovah's presence then represented?

containing the law of the covenant was placed; and above the lid or cover of this golden ark with its two golden cherubs on top facing each other the presence of Jehovah in the Most Holy was represented by the only light in it, the miraculous light called "the She-ki'nah light."

6 But was not Jehovah God at disagreement with himself in commanding this religious tabernacle or tent to be constructed for his worship when, in fact, he dwells in the highest heavens and not in temples made with human hands? No; for he had the sacred tabernacle made and religious ceremonies carried on in and about it for typical or pictorial purposes. They were types or symbols prefiguring greater realities and foreshadowing better things to come. For example, high priest Aaron prefigured or foreshadowed Jehovah's everlasting High Priest Jesus Christ. Aaron and the sons succeeding him as high priest of Israel were the type; Jesus Christ who sacrificed his perfect humanity for mankind is the antitype, the antitypical High Priest, serving in the antitypical tabernacle. Thus the Most Holy of the tabernacle was the type; heaven itself where God resides among the living cherubs is the antitype, the reality. In discussing these very things the inspired Christian apostle talks about Jesus as now an immortal priest and says:

7 "Now as to the things being discussed this is the main point: We have such a high priest as this, and he has sat down at the right hand of the throne of the majesty in the heavens, a public servant of the holy place and of the true tent, which Jehovah set up, and not man. For every high priest is appointed to offer both gifts and

6. Why was Jehovah at no disagreement with himself in commanding this tabernacle to be built for his worship?
7, 8. In discussing the typicalness of the tabernacle, what does the writer of Hebrews (8:1 to 10:1) say?

sacrifices; wherefore it was necessary for this one also to have something to offer. If, now, he were upon earth, he would not be a priest [for Jesus Christ was not of the tribe of Levi or of the priestly family of Aaron], there being men [Aaronic priests] who offer the gifts according to the Law, but which men are rendering sacred service in a typical representation and a shadow of the heavenly things; just as Moses, when about to make the complete tent, was given the divine command: For says he, 'See that you make all things according to the pattern that was shown you in the mountain.' But now Jesus has obtained a more excellent public service, so that he is also the mediator of a correspondingly better covenant, which has been legally established upon better promises."

8 "For its part, then, the former covenant used to have ordinances of sacred service and its holy place upon this earth. For there was constructed a first tent compartment in which were the lamp-stand and also the table and the display of the loaves; and it is called 'the Holy Place'. But behind the second curtain was the tent compartment called 'the Most Holy'. This had a golden censer and the ark of the covenant overlaid all around with gold, in which were the golden jar having the manna and the rod of Aaron that budded and the tablets of the covenant, but up above it were the glorious cherubim overshadowing the mercy seat. . . . Therefore it was necessary that the typical representations of the things in the heavens should be cleansed by these means, but the heavenly things themselves with sacrifices that are better than such sacrifices. For Christ entered, not into a holy place made with hands which is a copy of the reality, but into heaven itself, now to appear before the person of God for us." "The Law has a shadow of the good things to come, but not the very substance of the things." — Hebrews 8:1-6; 9:1-5, 23,24; 10:1, NW.


9 That tabernacle, constructed during the first year of the Israelites in the wilderness after coming out of Egypt, was a costly, glorious structure, being valued now at more than two million dollars. Erected on the first day of their second year in the wilderness, in the spring of 1512 B.C., that tabernacle served the Israelites well during their travels through the wilderness until they reached the Promised Land of Palestine. But being only a typical copy and not the reality, being only the shadow and not the substance, it could not last. It must make way for the substantial real thing foreshadowed or prefigured, which is lasting and has to do with Jesus Christ.

10 So the tabernacle served its valuable, typical purpose less than five hundred years. It did not survive the destruction of the city of Jerusalem and the desolation of the land of Judah in the year 607 B.C. But in passing out of use the tabernacle was not at once succeeded by the Christian reality. It was, rather, replaced by a more durable structure, the magnificent temple built by King Solomon on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem, the gold with which the king covered the Most Holy of the temple alone being valued at six hundred talents, or $26,496,000. King David, Solomon's father, had wanted to build such a temple to the Most High God but was not privileged to do so because he had been a warrior and had shed much blood in fighting theocratic battles for Jehovah. Solomon, whose name means "Peaceable," was so disposed.

11 Work on the temple was begun in 1034 B.C., in the four hundred and eightieth year after the

9. When was that tabernacle erected, and why could it not last despite its costliness?
10. How long did the tabernacle serve its typical purpose, and how was it not at once succeeded by the Christian reality?
11. How long was Solomon's temple in building, how did it compare with the tabernacle in measurements, and how was it built at its site?

tabernacle was built by Moses in the wilderness, and it took seven and a half years to build. Concerning this the divine Record states: "It came about in the four hundred and eightieth year after the sons of Israel came out from the land of Egypt, in the fourth year, in the month of Ziv, that is, the second month, after Solomon became king over Israel, that he proceeded to build the house to Jehovah." Whereas the tabernacle had been thirty cubits long, ten cubits wide and ten cubits high, "the house that King Solomon built to Jehovah was sixty cubits in its length and twenty in its width and thirty cubits in its height." The Most Holy of the tabernacle had been a perfect cube ten cubits each way. As for Solomon's temple, "the innermost room in the interior of the house he prepared inside, to put there the ark of the covenant of Jehovah. And the innermost room was twenty cubits in length and twenty cubits in width and twenty cubits in its height." It was thus eight times as great in cubic space. The work on the temple was done quietly at its site. "As for the house, while it was being built, it was of quarry stone already completed that it was built, and, as for hammers and axes or any tools of iron, they were not heard in the house while it was being built." — 1 Kings 6:1, 2, 19, 20, 7; 2 Chronicles 3:1-3, 8, NW.

12 Some time before King David died he abdicated the throne in favor of his beloved son Solomon. So until David died, it was for Solomon a time of accession to the throne, an accession year. His first regnal year began in the spring of 1037 B.C., the first day of the first Jewish month Nisan or Abib. His fourth regnal year began on the first day of Nisan in 1034 B.C., and on the second day of the second month (Ziv) of that year he began to build the temple, laying the foundation for it. The work

12. In what year of his reign did Solomon begin building the temple, and in what year did he complete it?

was first completed seven years, six months and a few days later, some days into the eighth month of Solomon's eleventh regnal year. "In the fourth year the house of Jehovah had its foundation laid, in the lunar month of Ziv, and in the eleventh year, in the lunar month of Bul, that is, the eighth month, the house was finished as regards all its details and all its plan, so that he was seven years [roughly speaking] at building it." — 1 Kings 6:37, 38, NW.

13 However, Solomon dedicated the temple just before the day of atonement and the seven-day feast of booths or ingathering in the seventh lunar month, the month Ethanim. Hence, if he dedicated it in the same lunar year in which he finished it, then, to get ahead of the rainy eighth month, Bul, he dedicated the temple one month prior to its completion, and the fourteen-day celebration that he held necessarily delayed its completion. But in view of all the arrangements and preparations that would have to be made for the dedication and subsequent celebrations, it is likely that Solomon waited eleven months, until the seventh month of the following year, to dedicate the fully completed temple. The record is not definite as to this. After telling of the finishing of the work of the temple, it says: "At that time Solomon proceeded to call together the older men of Israel, all the heads of the tribes, the chieftains of the fathers, of the sons of Israel, to King Solomon at Jerusalem, to bring up the ark of the covenant of Jehovah out of the city of David, that is to say, Zion. And all the men of Israel came assembling to King Solomon in the lunar month of Ethanim in the festival, that is, the seventh month. So all the older men of Israel came, and the priests began to carry the Ark. . . . Then the priests brought in the ark of the

13. When did Solomon dedicate the temple, and what was then brought into the innermost room, and how?



covenant of Jehovah to its place, to the innermost room of the house, the Most Holy, . . . There was nothing in the Ark but the two stone tablets which Moses had deposited there in Horeb, when Jehovah had covenanted with the sons of Israel while they were coming out from the land of Egypt."  — 1 Kings 8:1-9; 2 Chronicles 5:1-10, NW.

14 The seven-day festival of booths or ingathering began on the fifteenth day of the seventh month (Ethanim) and continued till the twenty-first day, and on the eighth day from the start of the festival, that is, on the twenty-second day of the month, there was a solemn assembly.* The following day, the twenty-third day, was the day of departure. But on the tenth day of the month, five days ahead of the feast of booths, there was the celebration of the annual day of atonement. Now regarding the celebration of these events following the inauguration of the temple we read:

15 "Then Solomon sanctified the middle of the courtyard that was before the house of Jehovah, because there he rendered up the burnt offerings and the fat pieces of the communion offerings, for the copper altar that Solomon had made was itself not able to contain the burnt offering and the grain offering and the fat pieces. And Solomon proceeded to hold the festival [of booths] at that time for seven days, and all Israel with him, a very great congregation from as far as Ha'math down to the torrent valley of Egypt. But on the eighth day they held a solemn assembly, because the inauguration of the altar they had held for seven days and the festival for seven days. And on the

* See the book "The Truth Shall Make You Free", pages 9, 10.
14. What sacred celebrations took place in the seventh Jewish month?
15. At the inauguration what did Solomon sanctify in order to accommodate all the sacrifices, and what festival did he and the people celebrate after inaugurating the altar?

twenty-third day of the seventh month he sent the people away to their homes joyful and feeling good at heart over the goodness that Jehovah had performed toward David and toward Solomon and toward Israel his people." (2 Chronicles 7:7-10, NW; 1 Kings 8:64-66) Since the "inauguration of the altar" occupied the seven days before the festival of ingathering, the first day of the inauguration must have been the eighth day of the seventh month, or two days preceding the day of atonement.

16 On the inaugural day Jehovah gave miraculous signs to show he had accepted the temple as a typical place of worship and the typical sacrifices that began to be offered there. This was after the priests had taken the ark of the covenant into the Most Holy. "And it came about when the priests came out from the sanctuary . . . that as soon as the trumpeters and the singers were as one in causing one sound to be heard in praising and thanking Jehovah, and as soon as they lifted up the sound with the trumpets and with the cymbals and with the instruments of song and with praising Jehovah, 'for he is good, for to everlasting is his loving-kindness,' the house itself was filled with a cloud, the very house of Jehovah, and the priests were not able to stand to minister because of the cloud, for the glory of Jehovah filled the house of The [true] God." Then Solomon blessed the assembled people and offered a long prayer, in which he recognized that this temple was only a symbol or type, saying: "But will God truly dwell with mankind upon the earth? Look! heaven, yes, the heaven of the heavens themselves, cannot contain you; how much less, then, this house that I have built?" In his prayer he included a prayer for foreigners from distant lands who would come

16. On the inaugural day how did Jehovah give miraculous signs to show he accepted the temple and its typical sacrifices?

to worship at the temple. "Now as soon as Solomon finished praying, the fire itself came down from the heavens and proceeded to consume the burnt offering and the sacrifices, and Jehovah's glory itself filled the house. And the priests were unable to enter into the house of Jehovah because Jehovah's glory had filled the house of Jehovah. And all the sons of Israel were spectators when the fire came down and the glory of Jehovah was upon the house, and they immediately bowed low with their faces to the earth upon the pavement and prostrated themselves and thanked Jehovah, 'for he is good, for his loving-kindness is forever.'"  — 2 Chronicles 5:11-14; 6:18, 32, 33; 7:1-3, NW.

17 That glorious temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem was approved at its inauguration and Jehovah God put his exclusive name upon it, but only for the typical purposes that it was to serve. (Acts 7:47-50) For that reason it could not last, but must give way to the better things to come, the antitypical realities. It could not survive, and it did not survive. After the apostate worshipers polluted it, it was destroyed at the first destruction of Jerusalem by the Babylonians in 607 B.C. But this did no damage to the coming antitypical realities. After seventy years of desolation of the temple site the remnant of devoted Jews restored from captivity in Babylon began to rebuild the temple on Mount Moriah. This temple, improved by King Herod of Judea, was the temple at which Jesus Christ worshiped. But it was no more enduring than Solomon's temple. As the prophet Jeremiah had foretold the destruction of Solomon's temple, so Jesus Christ foretold the destruction of King Herod's temple by the Roman legions A.D. 70. True to Jesus' prophecy, that temple did not survive when Jerusalem was razed to the

17. Why could not that temple last, and the one that succeeded it on Mount Moriah? So what happened to those temples in fulfillment of prophecy?

ground a second time, and this is of most solemn import for Christendom in these critical days.  — Matthew 24:1-3, 15, 16.


18 Quite meaningfully that perishable temple has never been rebuilt, nor will it ever be. Why? Because the antitypical, imperishable temple is now under construction and nears completion. Under Jehovah God, Jesus Christ is the Builder of this real, enduring temple. He is the antitypical Solomon, yes, he is "something more than Solomon." (Matthew 12:42, NW) The temple that he builds is not a material one on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem, where now the mosque "The Dome of the Rock" stands. It is a heavenly or spiritual temple, and he himself is its Foundation Cornerstone laid by Jehovah God. As such he is the embodiment of Jehovah's temple.

19 Jesus had this in mind when he first cast out men who were making the temple at Jerusalem a house of merchandise and said to the protesting Jews: "Break down this temple, and in three days I will raise it up." The Jews thought he meant Herod's temple, but the apostle John explains Jesus' words and says: "But he was talking about the temple of his body. When, though, he was raised up from the dead, his disciples called to mind that he used to say this, and they believed the Scripture and the saying that Jesus said." (John 2:13-22, NW) It was the Almighty God Jehovah who raised up his Son on the third day. The dead Jesus could not raise himself up from the grave. But he foretold to those Jews that he, as the embodiment or foundation of God's spiritual

18. Why will the temple never be rebuilt on Mount Moriah?
19. To fulfill his own words at the temple, how did Jesus raise up in three days the temple that the Jews broke down?

temple, would be raised to life on the third day. (Revelation 21:22) In that sense Jesus prophetically 'raised up in three days the temple that the Jews had broken down' by killing him. — Compare Jeremiah 1:9, 10; Ezekiel 43:3.

20 Jehovah's temple, which was typified by Solomon's temple in its original purity, consists of more than Jesus alone. It includes his congregation of 144,000 spiritual members, the spiritual body of which Jesus Christ is the Head. Referring to himself as the temple Foundation, he said: "On this rock-mass I will build my congregation, and the gates of Ha'des will not overpower it." (Matthew 16:18, NW) The apostle Peter himself also points to Jesus as the living rock-foundation upon which the congregation of living stones is built up, when he says to these sanctified Christians:

21 "Coming to him as to a living stone, rejected, it is true, by men, but chosen, precious, with God, you yourselves also as living stones are being built up a spiritual house for the purpose of a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ. For it is contained in Scripture: 'Look! I am laying in Zion a stone, chosen, a foundation cornerstone, precious; and he that rests his faith on it will by no means come to disappointment.' It is to you, therefore, that he is precious, because you are believers; but to those not believing, 'the identical stone that the builders rejected has become the chief cornerstone,' and 'a stone of stumbling and a rock-mass of offense'." — ! Peter 2:4-8, NW.

22 The Jews who rejected Jesus as the Foundation Cornerstone and killed him could not keep him dead, but Jehovah God raised him up from

20, 21. (a) Of what does Jehovah's temple, typified by Solomon's temple, consist? (b) Who is its living rock-foundation, and how does Peter point this out?
22. How do the gates of Ha'des not overpower the congregation built on the rock-mass?

Ha'des to immortal heavenly life. It is therefore manifest that the antitypical temple of God has an enduring foundation and the gates of Ha'des, that is, the gates of mankind's common grave, cannot overpower the congregation and cause it to perish or keep it from being built up to survive forever.

23 Christ's twelve apostles, who were Christian prophets, might serve as a secondary foundation to the congregation of 144,000, but Jesus Christ himself remains always as the basic rock-mass for the entire spiritual temple of God. The 144,000 sanctified Christians are told this in these words: "You have been built up upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, while Christ Jesus himself is the foundation cornerstone. In union with him the whole building, being harmoniously joined together, is growing into a holy temple for Jehovah. In union with him you, too, are being built up together into a place for God to inhabit by spirit." (Ephesians 2:20-22, NW) God's congregation built upon the rock-mass Jesus Christ are not a temple for idol worship but a temple for the one living and true God to dwell in by his spirit or active force. "What agreement does God's temple have with idols? For we are the temple of the living God; just as God said: 'I shall reside among them and walk among them, and I shall be their God, and they will be my people.' " (2 Corinthians 6:16, NW) The congregation of 144,000 members rest upon the heavenly Foundation Cornerstone, Jesus Christ, "rooted and being built up in him," but they are also his body, of which he is the Head:

24 "Just as the body is one thing but has many members, and all the members of that body, although being many, are one body, so also is the Christ. For truly by one spirit we were all baptized

23, 24. (a) To this temple what do the twelve apostles serve as, and why is it not a temple for idol worship? (b) Besides the basic rock-foundation, what else is Jesus to the temple class, as stated by scriptures?

into one body, whether Jews or Greeks, whether slaves or free, and we were all made to drink one spirit. Now you are Christ's body, and members individually. And God has set the respective ones in the congregation." (1 Corinthians 12:12, 13, 27, 28, NW) "He also subjected all things under his feet, and made him head over all things to the congregation, which is his body." (Ephesians 1:22, 23, NW) "He is the head of the body, the congregation. He is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, that he might become the one who is first in all things." — Colossians 1:18, NW.

25 By pouring down the holy spirit from heaven upon his apostles and other disciples at Jerusalem during the festival of Pentecost, A.D. 33, Jesus Christ as the antitypical Solomon began constructing the spiritual temple upon himself as the rock-mass. That was very timely, for the material temple that was still standing on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem was doomed to everlasting destruction within the next thirty-seven years. (Acts 2:1 to 3:1, NW) When the city of Jerusalem was wiped out by the Romans under General Titus A.D. 70 with a destruction unparalleled till then, the polluted, commercialized temple was rifled and put to the torch and not one of its stones was left there upon another and not thrown down. Jehovah God had abandoned that misused religious house. He was now dwelling by his holy spirit in Jesus Christ and in the other living members of his real, antitypical, spiritual temple. No longer could it be said of that typical house, "My name will prove to be there," but God's holy name was transferred and put upon the Christian spiritual temple and the members of its congregation became henceforth the true witnesses of Jehovah, the "people

25. (a) When did the antitypical Solomon begin building the spiritual temple, and why was this very timely? (b) Why was Jehovah's worship not made impossible by destroying Jerusalem's temple A.D. 70?

for his name." (1 Kings 8:29, NW; 2 Chronicles 33:7; Acts 15:14) For this reason the worship of Jehovah was not made impossible by the destroying of earthly Jerusalem's temple. His pure worship with spirit and truth continued on in his spiritual temple that was being built by the antitypical Solomon, Jesus Christ.

26 That spiritual temple survived the horrible destruction of Jerusalem in the year 70. That temple is now near its completion, the last of its "living stones" being yet under preparation on earth for being built into the temple in heaven. As its living stones are blessed with divine, immortal life in heaven, it is an imperishable temple. It will therefore survive Armageddon, triumphant over all false, idolatrous religious temples, yes, hypocritical Christianity. Faithless, antichristian Jerusalem pictured or typified modern Christendom in these last days. The consuming trouble that came upon typical Jerusalem A.D. 70 prophetically dramatized the everlasting destruction that will visit Christendom in the first part of the war of Armageddon. Jerusalem's defiled temple went down back there. Christendom's temple, a religious system of hundreds of confused, pretending Christian sects and cults, will go down first in the throes of Armageddon. It is already doomed, together with all the rest of this world's systems, and all the worshipers in that polluted temple of Christendom will perish with it. The real temple of Jehovah's worship is destined to stand eternally as the habitation of his spirit. It will gloriously survive Armageddon, and his worship will be carried on there in purity by an increasing multitude of everlasting worshipers.

26. Why is the spiritual temple imperishable, and what did the experiences of the two temples at Jerusalem's destruction A.D. 70 picture?

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