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You May Survive Armageddon
Into God's New World


The "Desire of All Nations" Comes In

IN THE spring of 1918 (A.D.) A-do-nay' Jehovah and his Messenger of the covenant came to the spiritual temple for judgment work. That was in fulfillment of the prophecy of Malachi 3:1. It was not at the same time a fulfillment of the prophecy of Haggai 2:6, 7: "For thus saith the LORD of hosts; Yet once, it is a little while, and I will shake the heavens, and the earth, and the sea, and the dry land; and I will shake all nations, and the desire [the desired] of all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with glory, saith the LORD of hosts." The "desire of all nations" here meant was not the Kingdom established in the heavens in 1914, neither was it the Messenger of the covenant, Jesus Christ the reigning King. In the original Hebrew language of the prophecy "the desire" refers to more than one person or thing. This is shown by the fact that the verb "come" of which "the desire of all nations" is the subject is in the plural number, not the singular number. So a suitable translation of the Hebrew text could read: "And they, the desire of all the nations, shall come in."

1. Why was not the fulfillment of Malachi 3:1 also a fulfillment of Haggai 2:6, 7, and why could not the "desire of all nations" refer to a single thing or person?

2 Centuries before Christ, Greek-speaking Jews began translating the Hebrew Scriptures into common Greek and finally produced the Greek version known as the Septuagint (LXX). They took note of the collective sense of the Hebrew word for "desire" and so they made their translation read: "And the choice things [or, chosen things] of all the nations will come." (LXX, Falcon Wing Press) The modem Bible translations, Jewish, Catholic and Protestant, are almost all alike in bringing out the force of the Hebrew text in agreement with the Greek Septuagint. The English Revised Version of 1884 rendered it: "And the desirable things of all nations shall come." The American Standard Version of 1901, also the Hebrew Leeser version of 1905, the Brazilian Version, and the Nácar-Colunga version of 1948 used the expression "the precious things of all (the) nations." The Hebrew Soncino edition said: "the choicest things of all nations." An American Translation, the French Lienart and the Crampon translations said: "the treasures of all the nations." The French Maredsous translation said: "the riches of all the peoples."

3 The French L'Ecole Biblique de Jérusalem and the German Kautzsch and other translations render the wording to show that in shaking the nations Jehovah has as one of his purposes the coming of such things. In agreement with this the Revised Standard Version of 1952 renders Haggai 2:7: "And I will shake all nations, so that the treasures of all nations shall come in, and I will fill this house with splendor, says the LORD of hosts." Moffatt's translation makes the verse read: "And

2. How did the ancient Greek Septuagint Version show the collective sense of the Hebrew word for "desire," and how have modern translations made renderings in agreement with the Septuagint?
3. How do other modern translations render the wording to show a purpose in Jehovah's shaking all nations?

shaking all nations till the treasures of all nations are brought hither and my House here filled with splendour (says the Lord of hosts)."

4 The house here referred to is Jehovah's house, his temple. The circumstances under which this prophecy was given through Haggai and which help us in properly understanding its fulfillment were these: In 537 B.C., under the decree of Cyrus King of Persia, the original remnant of the Jews left Babylon, the land of their captivity, and returned to their desolated homeland, Judah, to build another temple to Jehovah at its site on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem. They built an altar to Jehovah there and renewed his sacrifices and proceeded to lay the foundations of the new temple. Then the heathen opposers of the worship of Jehovah round about began to interfere and lodged false accusations against the temple builders with the Persian imperial government. Instead of pushing the unchangeable decree of Cyrus authorizing the temple building until they had finished it in obedience to imperial orders, the remnant grew frightened at the rulings of misguided lawmakers and laid off from building God's house. Till 520 B.C. the building of the temple lagged. Showing that their material prosperity rested upon their spiritual well-being, Jehovah did not bless them, for his name was not being exalted by their neglect of his house. His worship suffered and the spiritual interests of the Jewish remnant were injured.

5 Jehovah now raised up his prophets Haggai and Zechariah to remind the remnant of their obligations toward God's house and to encourage them to go ahead with building it in spite of enemy opposition. When the enemy renewed their

4. What is the "house" here referred to, and what circumstances led up to the giving of Haggai's prophecy?
5. How was the temple rebuilding renewed, and when was the temple finished?

protests, the temple builders appealed to their rights under God and under Cyrus' decree. When the enemy brought the matter before the imperial government, King Darius backed up the temple builders on the basis of Cyrus' unchangeable decree. Four years later (516 B.C.), "this house was finished on the third day of the month A-dar', which was in the sixth year of the reign of Darius the king." — Ezra 4:1 to 6:15; Haggai 1:1-15; 2:15-19.

6 It was about one month after the remnant under governor Zerubbabel and high priest Joshua had resumed building the temple that Haggai was inspired to utter the above prophecy. The new building under construction gave no promise of being anything to compare with Solomon's temple. Yet Jehovah could add a glory to it such as the former temple of Solomon never had. For the purpose of encouraging the temple builders he promised to do this: "The silver is mine, and the gold is mine, saith Jehovah of hosts. The latter glory of this house shall be greater than the former, saith Jehovah of hosts; and in this place will I give peace, saith Jehovah of hosts." (Haggai 2:8, 9, AS) Jehovah would make this come true by causing the desirable, precious, choicest things of all nations, their treasures, their riches, to come to his house.

7 This divine promise was not fulfilled in the temple built by governor Zerubbabel and high priest Joshua. Still the prophecy has not failed of fulfillment. In vindication of Jehovah's word it has been undergoing a surprising fulfillment since he came accompanied by his Messenger of the covenant to the spiritual temple in 1918 and afterward liberated the remnant of spiritual

6. Through Haggai, how did Jehovah promise to glorify this temple more than that built by Solomon?
7. Since when has the antitypical temple rebuilding work been going on, and in spite of what developments?

Israelites from antitypical Babylon by his Greater Cyrus, Jesus Christ. In 1919 the remnant began their reconstructive work corresponding to the temple activities of the ancient restored Jewish remnant in Jerusalem. Under incitement by the invisible Dragon, Satan the Devil, whom the Greater Cyrus has cast down to the earth, the opposition to the temple activities of the spiritual remnant has mounted. But in this "time of the end" the temple builders could not afford to let the construction work stop or lag. So they pushed on with the work in defiance of all the 'mischief that the religious enemies tried to frame by law.' (Psalm 94:20) By 1931 it appeared that the full remnant of "living stones" of the spiritual temple had been assembled into Jehovah's visible organization.

8 In 1931, too, the magazine The Watch Tower published a series of articles on the entire prophecy of Haggai. But in August of 1935, or sixteen years after the temple activities of the remnant began, The Watchtower published a series of articles on the "Great Multitude" of Revelation 7:9-17, disclosing that at the temple there were not only the restored remnant of spiritual Israelites but now also the first ones of a "great multitude" of persons not spiritual Israelites out of all nations, kindreds, peoples and tongues. In robes made white in the blood of the Lamb of God they also were serving God day and night in his temple and they also were under the loving care of his Shepherd King, Jesus Christ.

9 However, first in 1953, in the unparalleled in-

8. Through issues of August, 1935, of The Watchtower, what disclosure was made that has a bearing on the fulfillment of Haggai's prophecy?
9. When was it revealed that this "desire of all nations" to come in was this "great multitude"? How many had then come in, and how many heard this information directly?

ternational convention of Jehovah's witnesses at Yankee Stadium, New York city,* it was revealed that the "desire of all nations" that was to come in is this great multitude, this "great crowd" of worshipers of Jehovah who had become the companions of the spiritual remnant. Already that year more than 460,000 throughout the earth had come in and were filling Jehovah's house with glory by their presence and their loving service of Him. Scores of thousands of them from 97 nations, territories and islands were in the visible audience there at Yankee Stadium to hear this joy-inspiring information.

10 In glowing terms other prophecies bolster up this understanding of Haggai 2:7 as correct. After Jehovah spoke prophetically of the birth of the Kingdom A.D. 1914 and the comforting of his "woman," the "Jerusalem above," by restoring his remnant to become a nation in a newborn land, Jehovah said principally for his remnant today: "Rejoice ye with Jerusalem, and be glad for her, all ye that love her: rejoice for joy with her, all ye that mourn over her; that ye may suck and be satisfied with the breasts of her consolations; that ye may milk out, and be delighted with the abundance of her glory. For thus saith Jehovah, Behold, I will extend peace to her like a river, and the GLORY OF THE NATIONS like an overflowing stream: and ye shall suck thereof; ye shall be borne upon the side [like a cherished child], and shall be dandled upon the knees. As one whom his mother comforteth, so will I comfort you; and ye shall be comforted in Jerusalem. And ye shall see it, and your heart shall rejoice, and your bones shall flourish like the tender

* See chapter I, pages 8-11.
10. How does Isaiah 66:7-14 bolster up this understanding of Haggai's prophecy, and when did the remnant particularly rejoice at seeing this?

grass." (Isaiah 66:7-14, AS) In 1953 particularly the remnant of temple builders did see this with enlightened understanding, and they did rejoice as never before with their mother, the "Jerusalem above," Jehovah's universal organization.

11 Back in 1918, as a result of the hostile action of war-delirious nations and revengeful religious clergymen of Christendom, the remnant of the children of the "Jerusalem above" were lying prostrate in the dust of the earth, captive, inactive, like the "two witnesses" of Revelation, chapter 11. But in the spring of 1919 the prophetic call addressed to their mother, Zion or the "Jerusalem above," began applying to them: "Arise, shine! for thy light is come, and the glory of Jehovah is risen upon thee. For behold, darkness shall cover the earth [down to which the Dragon Satan has been cast], and gross darkness the peoples; but Jehovah will arise upon thee, and his glory shall be seen on thee."

12 That meant the glory of Jehovah's deliverance and restoration would rest upon his remnant of spiritual Israel and would make them the only light of the world. Their arising to bold and free activity and letting the light from Jehovah shine by preaching the good news of his established kingdom would have an effect upon the people of all nations: "And the nations shall walk by thy light, and kings by the brightness of thy rising. Lift up thine eyes round about, and see: all they gather themselves together, they come to thee: thy sons come from afar, and thy daughters [of the spiritual remnant] are carried upon thy side. Then thou shalt see, and shalt be brightened, and thy heart shall throb, and be enlarged;

11. In what condition were the remnant when the call of Isaiah 60:1, 2 began to apply to them?
12. What glory of Jehovah was to rest upon the remnant, and how were the nations to be affected by their letting the light shine?

for the abundance of the sea shall be turned unto thee, the WEALTH OF THE NATIONS shall come unto thee. A multitude of camels shall cover thee, young camels of Midian and Ephah; all they from Sheba shall come: they shall bring gold and incense; and they shall publish the praises of Jehovah. All the flocks of Kedar shall be gathered unto thee, the rams of Nebaioth shall serve thee; they shall come up with acceptance on mine altar, and I will beautify the house of my magnificence."

13 In Isaiah's time the doves flew in such great flocks that they appeared like great white clouds that literally hid the sun from the eyes of earth-lings. Prophetically referring to the flight of the innocent, harmless people of all nations and languages to the place Jehovah provides for his worship and for safety, the prophet voices his amazement at what has taken place observedly since A.D. 1931: "Who are these that come flying as a cloud, and as doves to their dovecotes? For the isles shall await me [represented by my Kingdom preachers], and the ships of Tarshish [in the far west] first, to bring thy sons from afar, their silver and their gold with them, unto the name of Jehovah thy God, and to the Holy One of Israel, for he hath glorified thee. And the sons of the alien shall build up they walls, and their kings shall minister unto thee. For in my wrath [A.D. 1914-1918] I smote thee, but in my favour have I had mercy on thee [from 1919 onward]. And thy gates shall stand open continually: (they shall not be shut day nor night,) that the WEALTH OF THE NATIONS may be brought unto thee, and that their kings may be led [to thee]. For the nation and the kingdom that will not serve thee shall perish; and those nations shall be utterly wasted. The glory of Lebanon shall come unto thee, the cypress, pine,

13. To what did Isaiah liken the flight of innocent, harmless people to Jehovah for safety, and since when has this observedly taken place?

and box-tree together, to beautify the place of my sanctuary [the temple]; and I will make the place of my feet [the temple] glorious. And the children of them that afflicted thee shall come bending unto thee; and all they that despised thee shall bow themselves down at the soles of thy feet; and they shall call thee The city of Jehovah, the Zion of the Holy One of Israel." — Isaiah 60:1-14, Da.

14 How truly this prophecy has come to reality since 1931! Persons in official worldly positions and just ordinary citizens who under the impulse of religious prejudice, patriotic nationalism and ignorance of the truth despised and afflicted Jehovah's remnant of spiritual Israelites have since gotten their eyes opened and seen the glory of Jehovah upon them. In self-humiliation they have come to them, acknowledging that they are the visible organization of Jehovah, the Holy One of spiritual Israel. They have become active witnesses of Jehovah; this leads to their preservation during the universal war of Armageddon. The nations that hate the glory light of Jehovah and that refuse to lend themselves in support of his remnant, continuing to persecute them instead, will be utterly wiped out at Armageddon. World rulers do well to imitate the course of the queen whose faraway land Sheba is mentioned in Isaiah's prophecy. "Now the queen of She'ba was hearing the report about Solomon in connection with the name of Jehovah. So she came to test him with perplexing questions." Her test did not fail, and the visible proof of the report, including the glorious temple, overwhelmed her. "Look! I had not been told the half," she exclaimed. "May Jehovah your God come to be blessed, who has taken delight in you by putting you upon the

14. (a) Since 1931 how has this prophecy come true regarding the attitude and conduct of people high and low toward Jehovah's remnant? (b) What ancient queen do world rulers do well to imitate?

throne of Israel, because Jehovah loves Israel to time indefinite, so that he appointed you as king to render judicial decision and righteousness."  — 1 Kings 10:1-9, NW.

15 The queen of Sheba's visit to Solomon was typical and now takes on point in this generation by the force of Jesus' own words: "This generation is a wicked generation; it looks for a sign. ... The queen of the south will be raised up in the judgment with the men of this generation and will condemn them; because she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon, but, look! something more than Solomon is here." (Luke 11:29, 31, NW) That "something more than Solomon" is Jesus Christ, the Son of David. He is now at the temple as the Messenger of the covenant, and the separation of the people of the nations as sheep and goats is going on before his judgment throne. Those in prominent, ruling positions in this world who balk at coming to Jehovah's temple to the Greater Solomon for the solution of all their problems are goats. The example of the far-traveling queen of Sheba who became a praiser of Jehovah rises up in this judgment day as a condemnation of them and they will be cut off forever at Armageddon. At the same time her example stands as a praiseworthy type of those of worldly prominence who turn from worldly human wisdom and seek "wisdom from above" through the Greater Solomon at the temple. Such become part of the "great crowd" of Jehovah's worshipers there.

16 Jehovah's great day keeps getting closer for

15. In what way is the queen of Sheba raised up in the judgment with this generation, and of whom is her example a praiseworthy type?
16,17. (a) How has Jehovah's shaking of the nations since 1919 been having its effect? (b) So in agreement with Haggai 2:7 what prophecy of Isaiah do we see coming to reality?

him to shake the heavens and the earth of Satan's organization to pieces that Jehovah the God of Jacob or Israel may alone be exalted. He has already shaken all the nations, shaking them by the world-disturbing restoration of his spiritual remnant in 1919 and by the preaching of his witnesses in now more than 160 lands, territories and islands. The shaking is having its effect: the desirable ones, the choicest ones, the precious ones from the standpoint of Jehovah and his witnesses, keep coming in to fill his house with glory. There they experience what he promised to give at his house: "In this place will I give peace." (Haggai 2:7-9) Another wonderful prophecy thus takes on fulfillment. The "time of the end" is fast running out; we are indeed living in the "latter days" or "end of the days." Now we see in stark reality what Isaiah saw in bright vision:

17 "And it shall come to pass in the end of days, [that] the mountain of Jehovah's house [typified by Mount Moriah] shall be established on the top of the mountains, and shall be lifted up above the hills; and all the nations shall flow unto it. And many peoples shall go and say, Come, and let us go up to the mountain of Jehovah, to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths. For out of Zion shall go forth the law, and Jehovah's word from Jerusalem. And he shall judge among the nations, and shall reprove many peoples; and they shall forge their swords into ploughshares, and their spears into pruning-knives; nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more. House of Jacob, come ye, and let us walk in the light of Jehovah." — Isaiah 2:1-5, Da.

18 After ten years of functioning the United

18. Why has the United Nations to date failed to bring the fulfillment of Isaiah's words which it displays carved on one of its walls?

Nations has failed to bring to this divided world the fulfillment of Isaiah's words, which it displays carved on one of its walls facing on the United Nations Plaza, New York city.* Instead, the world shudders before the most menacing, nuclear armaments race between East and West. There is a reason for its failure. It is not on the "mountain of Jehovah"; it, with its meditation room, is not the "house of the God of Jacob." Sixty nations have flowed into it, but not to be taught of Jehovah's ways or to walk in his paths or to correct themselves according to his judgment and reproof. They go on learning war in the most fiendishly scientific way.

19 There is one place where Isaiah's prophecy now finds complete fulfillment before Armageddon has to smash the deadly armaments of warlike nations. That is where Isaiah foretold it would be, at Jehovah's house, where his witnesses worship him. His house tops all things in these crucial days. His worship is foremost, more vital than anything else, and is absolutely obligatory upon all who would survive Armagedon and live forever. To his clean, purifying worship the desirable, choicest, precious people of all the nations have flowed, and they invite and encourage others to come with them, by preaching the Kingdom message. There persons who formerly were bitterest enemies in the world's warfare, lifting up weapons like sword and spear against one another, meet and worship peacefully together, as loving brothers in the New World society. They were not forced to do this, nor did they wait to do this until scientists began warning that the invention of the hydrogen bomb, yes, super-superbombs,

* See chapter I, page 7.
19. At what one place does Isaiah's prophecy find complete fulfillment, how so, and since when?

made death-dealing warfare inadvisable and obsolete as a sane means for settling international disputes. Especially since 1931, years before the atomic bomb was invented, they have done this because they have accepted Jehovah's reproof and word and law that have gone forth from his temple on the heavenly Mount Zion. He has taught them his ways through his Messenger at the temple, and they have lovingly and obediently chosen to walk in His paths.

20 At Armageddon Jehovah will cause the human bomb to explode and the members of the United Nations and the peoples of all other nations will fight confusedly among themselves, every man's hand being against his neighbor, but the "great crowd" of worshipers at Jehovah's house will, in spite of their different nationalities, colors and tongues, keep the peace of his house, serving him unitedly, exalting him above all as they survive with his temple into the new world. At the blessed sight of the desire of all nations thus coming in, the remnant of spiritual Israel (or, Jacob) have every reason to say: "House of Jacob, come ye, and let us walk in the light of Jehovah."

20. At Armageddon how will the conduct of the "great crowd" differ from that of the people of the nations? So now what do the remnant of Israel or Jacob have every reason to say in exhortation?

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