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The Revelation



This posthumous work of Pastor Russell (arranged for use as a textbook) is much condensed, including the extracts from the Pastor's pen, all of which are referred back to his works. The abbreviations used are:

A, B, C, D,E, FThe six preceding volumes of "STUDIES IN THE SCRIPTURES".
(Citations to E in italic figures refer to old editions, figures in ordinary type to later editions.)
H....................."What Say the Scriptures ABOUT HELL?"
P-D................. "PHOTO-DRAMA OF CREATION" Scenario.
T....................."TABERNACLE SHADOWS."
S....................."SPIRITISM" Pamphlet.
Z......................"ZION'S WATCH TOWER," followed by year and page.

The citations to REVELATION and EZEKIEL refer to the comments herein, as well as to the Bible text.
Other abbreviations used are:

Barnes..........Barnes' "Revelation".
Brit................."Encyclopedia Britannica."
Buck..............Buck's "Theological Dictionary".
Coffin............Coffin's "Story of Liberty".
Cook.............Cook's "Revelation" ; a compendium of the presentations of seventy-two leading commentators on Revelation, in all languages and all ages of the Church.
Edgar............Edgar's "Pyramid Passages". Vol. II.
McC...............McClintock and Strong Encyclopedia.
Mosheim......Mosheim's Ecclesiastical History.
S. B. D...........Smith's Bible Dictionary.
Smith.............Smith's "Thoughts on Daniel and Revelation".
Weym............Weymouth's New Testament in Modern Speech.




9:1. And the fifth angel sounded. — The Wesleyan movement began, leading up to the Methodist Episcopal Church, United American Methodist Episcopal Church, African Methodist Episcopal Church, African United Methodist Protestant Church, African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, Methodist Protestant Church, Wesleyan Methodist Church, Methodist Episcopal Church South, Congregational Methodist Church, New Congregational Methodist Church, Zion Union Apostolic Church, Colored Methodist Episcopal Church, Free Methodist Church, Reformed Methodist United Episcopal Church, and Independent Methodist Churches. — 1 Cor. 3:3.
And I saw a star. — John Wesley became a star in the Anglican heavens in 1728, at which time he was ordained a priest by Bishop Potter.
Fall from heaven unto the earth. — For many years Wesley had no thought of forming a sect; and yet, unconsciously, he began to do so from the time he was ordained. He was then in Oxford University, where "the completeness of his self-devotion to the service of God combined with his rare moral courage and superior strength of character, caused him to be recognized as the leader of a group of under-graduates which was nicknamed the 'Holy Club' by the ungodly of the University, who derided its members for their rigid rules and charitable practices by calling them 'Methodists.'" (McC.) "He fully accepted the recognized teaching of the Church of England, and publicly appealed to the Prayer-Book and the Thirty-nine articles in justification of the doctrines he preached. Methodism began in a revival of personal religion, and it professed to have but one aim, to spread Scriptural holiness over the land. Its doctrines were in no sense new." (Brit) The work in the Western World, particularly in the United States, grew to vast proportions. "The preachers in the South determined upon administration of the sacraments, and a committee was chosen who ordained themselves and others. The Northern preachers opposed this step and for several years the Connexion was on the verge of disruption. Wesley perceived that the Society would disintegrate unless effec-
tive measures were speedily taken, and, aided by two presbyters of the Church of England, (one of whom was James Creighton) early in 1784 he ordained Thomas Coke, a presbyter of that Church, as Superintendent" — Brit.
His brother Charles heartily disapproved of this and wrote the following (which does not, however, appear with his other hymns in the Methodist hymnal):

"So easily are bishops made
By man or woman's whim;
Wesley his hands on Coke hath laid.
But who laid hands on him?"

In 1787 the American Conference changed Mr. Coke's title to "Bishop." Mr. Coke tried to introduce this title into the English Conference of which he was president, but the English Brethren could not accept it, despite his great earnestness in the cause. It must have been a strange sight to see a bright man like Wesley engaging those two presbyters of the Church of England to help him ordain somebody to a higher office than any of them had ever held. But the plan worked. All Methodists believe that Bishop Coke, the first Bishop of the Methodist Church received some "apostolic succession" from the original line described in comments on Rev. 2:13. These brethren have grieved that Pastor Russell did not get his ordination from the same source.
And to him was given the key of the [bottomless] pit OF THE ABYSS. — Wesley was given the key to nothing and to nowhere.
9:2. [And he opened the bottomless pit]. — Wesley opened nothing. He did interpret Rom. 8:21 as meaning that the lower animals would go to Heaven, but that was an error. He was honest enough, however, to object to using the word Trinity because he did not find it in the Bible. "Christian Advocates" please note.
And there arose a smoke. — Confusion — a blinding haze.
[Out of] OVER the pit. — In the "air," the ecclesiastical heavens,
As the smoke of a great furnace. — Methodism was no ordinary smudge.
And the sun. — The true Gospel.
And the air. — The Anglican Church.
Were darkened by reason of the smoke of the pit. — Methodism damaged the Anglican communion as much as it did the Truth.
9:3. And there came out of the smoke locusts. — An immense number of followers. — Judges 7:12.
Upon the earth. — Among order-loving people.
And unto them was given power. — To attend an old-time Methodist meeting and witness the "getting the power" was to see the sight of a life-time.
As the scorpions of the earth have power. — "A well-known injurious insect of hot climates, which is shaped very much like a lobster. They are carnivorous in their habits, and move along in a threatening attitude with the tail elevated. The sting, which is situated at the extremity of the tail, has at its base a gland that secretes a poisonous fluid, which is discharged into the wound by two minute orifices at its extremity. The scorpion makes a painful wound in men and beasts which produces fatal results unless speedy remedies be provided such as scarifying the wound or sucking out the poison." — McC.
9:4. And it was commanded them that they should not hurt the grass of the earth. — Men of independent thought.  — Rev. 8:7.
[Neither any green thing.] Neither any tree. — Saint.  — Rev. 8:7.
But [only] those men. — The unconverted.
Which have not the seal of God in their foreheads. — Methodists understand that to be converted from being a sinner means to have the seal of God in one's forehead. All the energies of that church are devoted to gathering in goats to the sheepfold.
9:5. And to them it was given that they should not kill them. — No such sane and merciful sentence as "The wages of sin is death" has any place in Methodist theology. Wesley was born at a time when the original meaning of the word "Hell" had become hidden, and was saturated with the later teachings that it signifies a place of torment He threw his whole heart into the work of spreading this error throughout the earth.
But that they should be tormented five months. — In symbolic time, 150 years. (Rev. 2:21). Wesley became the first Methodist in 1728. (Rev. 9:1). When the Methodist denomination, with all the others, was cast off from favor in 1878 (Rev. 3:14) its power to torment men by preaching what Presbyterians describe as "Conscious misery, eternal in duration" came to an end legally, and to a large extent actually. — Rev. 9:10.
And their torment. — The torment of those tormented by the tormenting doctrine of torment.
Was as the torment of a scorpion, when he striketh a man. — See Rev. 9:10.
9:6. And in those days. — Throughout the 150 years of widely prevalent "Methodist hell-fire".
Shall men seek death. — Would be glad to know that "The wages of sin is death." — Rom. 6:23.
And shall not find it. — Because all the texts which plainly teach that "All the wicked will God destroy," were preverted to mean "All the wicked will God immortalize in hell."
And shall desire to die. — Real men would prefer to die and stay dead rather than forever companion and worship the greatest devil of the Universe.
And death shall flee from them. — They were told that men only seem to die, although touch, hearing, sight and smell all bear eloquent testimony to the contrary. — Rom. 6:23; Ezek, 18:4; Gen. 3:19; Psa. 115:17; Ecc. 9:5; Psa. 37:10. 20; Ecc. 3:19-21; 1 Cor. 15:13, 18; Dan. 12:2.
9:7. And the [shapes] LIKENESSES of the locusts were like unto horses prepared unto battle. — The battle-cry of the old-time Methodist was "All at it, and always at it".
And on their heads were as it were crowns like gold. — Those born of the spirit, changed from human conditions and made like the Lord, have received the very highest blessing, the "Crown of life", the Divine nature. Gold is a symbol of Divinity. To receive a crown of gold is to be born of the spirit. All old-time Methodists felt certain that they were "born of the spirit" when converted, no begetting or quickening being necessary. But here is pointed out that these good people had "as-it-were" crowns instead of real ones.
And their faces were as the faces of men. — They were not "Born of the spirit" as they supposed.
9:8. And they had hair as the hair of women. — "If a woman have long hair it is a glory to her: for her hair is given her for a covering." (1 Cor. 11:15.) The Church's glory is her wedding robe, the robe of Christ's righteousness. It is to the credit of old-time Methodists that they trusted for salvation in the precious blood of Christ.
And their teeth were as the teeth of lions. — Lions are able to chew and swallow almost anything. When the conference at Baltimore in 1787 turned John Wesley's Superintendent into a Bishop, the Methodist people swallowed it all; and to this day most of them really believe that their clergy are a Divinely appointed institution, despite the fraud perpetrated. — Joel. 1:4-6.
9:9. And they had breastplates. — "Breastplates of righteousness." — Eph. 6:14.
As it were breastplates of iron. — An iron breastplate would be a good one but an "as-it-were" breastplate would need examination. It was not uncommon for old-time Methodists to deceive themselves into thinking they
had not sinned for years. Those who had such breastplates wore the "As-it-were" variety. And the sound of their wings. — When engaged in "getting the power". — Rev. 9:3.
Was as the sound of chariots. — The noisiest vehicles known in the Revelator's day.
Of many horses running to battle. — The old-time Methodist hell-fire revival was in days gone by the noisiest place on earth, excepting the camp-meeting. Those good old days have long since gone.
9:10. And they had tails. — Followers — class-leaders.
Like unto scorpions. — The old-time class-leader was an invaluable adjunct of the Methodist Church. Upon him devolved the duty of requiring each probationer to attend the class-meeting and report his spiritual progress weekly, whether he had made any or not. After each report it was the class-leader's duty to squirt in a little more of the poisonous doctrines from the two orifices referred to in comments on Rev. 9:3. From the "heaven" orifice came) the doctrine "If you are good you will go to Heaven when you die" — and from the "hell" orifice came the message "If you are bad you will go to hell when you die." It was all very simple. Everybody was simple in those days.
And [there were] stings. — Revivals in which the attendants were stung, doctrinally and financially.
AND in their tails [and] WAS their power [was] to hurt men five months. — One hundred and fifty years, from Wesley's ordination in 1728 to the casting off of Methodism in 1878. — Rev. 9:5.
9:11. [And] they [had a] HAVE THEIR king [over them]. — The same king as exercises general rulership over all the ecclesiastical affairs of this present evil world.
[Which is] the angel of the [bottomless pit] ABYSS. — "The prince of the power of the air." — Eph. 2:2.
Whose name in the Hebrew tongue is Abaddon. — And he is "a bad one," sure enough. — 2 Cor. 4:4.
But in the Greek tongue hath his name Apollyon. — That is, Destroyer. But in plain English his name is Satan, the Devil. As a means for preventing people from seeing the Truth, Methodism has been as efficient as any of the five systems previously described, or any that follow. All have been sadly misled and deceived by our great and wily Adversary; "Taken captive by him at his will." — 2 Tim. 2:26.
9:12. One woe is past. — Methodism was the first woe of the epoch leading up to and associated with the Time of the End. It was a serious blow to the pretensions of the Papacy, but its days of usefulness have long since passed.
And, behold, there come two woes more [hereafter]. — One outlined in the remainder of this chapter and one in Chapter 10. It was the discovery of Methodism as the first woe that led to an identification of the four movements of the Reformation proper which preceded it — Rev. 8:7-13.
9:13. [And] AFTER THESE THINGS the sixth angel sounded. — The Evangelical-Alliance-Spiritism movement began in 1848-1848 culminating in the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America. The following great denominations which comprise 90% of the Protestant Church membership are represented in this council: Baptist (North), Free Baptist, Christian, Congregational, Disciples of Christ, Evangelical Association, Evangelical Synod, Friends, Lutheran General Synod, Methodist Episcopal. Methodist Episcopal (South), German Evangelical Synod, Colored Methodist Episcopal, Methodist Protestant, African Methodist Episcopal, African Methodist Episcopal Zion, Mennonite, Moravian, Presbyterian, Presbyterian (South), Welsh Presbyterian, Reformed Presbyterian, United Presbyterian, Protestant Episcopal, Reformed Church in America, Reformed Church in the U. S. A., Reformed Episcopal, Seventh-Day Baptist, United Brethren in Christ, United Evangelical, National Baptist Convention.
Although these sects are the only ones now members of the Federal Council, yet, in hatred of the Truth, and darkness in regard to God's Plan, the following are also entitled to membership: Evangelical Adventists, Advent Christians, Seventh-Day Adventists, Church of God, Life and Advent Union, Church of God in Jesus Christ, fifteen kinds of Baptists named in comments on Rev. 8:12, four kinds of Dunkard brethren, the Conservative, Old Order, Progressive and Seventh-Day German varieties, four kinds of Plymouth Brethren, three kinds of River Brethren, the Brethren in Christ, Old Order or Yorker and United Zion's Children, Catholic Apostolic, New Apostolic, Christadelphians, Dowle's Christian Catholic, Christian Union, Church of Christ Scientist, Winnebrenarian Churches of God, Colored Churches of the Living God, Christian Workers for Friendship, Apostolic, Church of Christ in God, Churches of the New Jerusalem, General Convention, General Church, Church Transcendent, Communistic Societies, Shakers, Amana, Churches of Christ, Apostolic Faith Movement, Peniel Missions, Metropolitan Church Association, Hepziba Faith Association, Missionary Christian Association, Heavenly Recruit Church, Apostolic Christian Church, Christian Congregation, Colored Voluntary Missionary Society, Hicksite Friends, Wilburite
Friends, Primitive Friends, Friends of the Temple, German Evangelical Protestant, Latter-Day Saints, Reorganized Latter-Day Saints, twenty-one kinds of Lutherans shown in comments on Rev. 8:7, Swedish Evangelical Missionary Covenant, Swedish Evangelical Free Mission, Norwegian Evangelical Free Church, twelve kinds of Mennonites, Bruederhoef, Amish, Old Amish, Conservative Amish, Reformed, General Conference, Church of God in Christ, Old Wisler, Bundes Conference, Defenceless, Brethren in Christ, sixteen kinds of Methodists shown in comments on Rev. 9:1, Union Moravian, Pentecostal Church of the Nazarene, Other Pentecostal Associations, twelve kinds of Presbyterians shown. in comments on Rev. 8:10, 11, Christian Reformed, Hungarian Reformed, Reformed Catholic, Salvation Army, Schwenkfelders, Social Brethren, Society for Ethical Culture, Spiritualists, Theosophical Society, Old Constitution Brethren, Unitarians, Universalists, etc.
Their "faiths" are quite as varied as their names, but without exception they deny the central truth of the Scriptures (1 John 4:2, 3) that when Jesus Christ came to earth He came as a man only, devoid of immortality or Divinity, that when He died He was as dead as though He never had lived, and that by that death He bought for Adam and his race the Restitution of all things foretold by "the mouth of all the holy Prophets since the world began." (Rev. 4:10.) The common ground upon which they stand is this, their denial of the Ransom, their affirmation of Spiritism, in some form, and their adherence to the principle of Federation. All of these things are condemned in the Scriptures but the Scriptures will never be allowed to stand in the way of those who live by shearing the wool from the sheep. (2 Tim. 4:3, 4; Deut 18:10, 11; Isa. 8:9-22.) The latter passage is full of the deepest significance at this time.
"Christian Heralds" that refused to publish advertisements of Pastor Russell's books now give space to advertisements of godless, Christless, Buddhist, demoniacal books, glorifying the New Thought system of mind worship, the boot-strap system of religion by which men, by cultivation of the will, lift themselves into money, piety and immortality, and by making assertions to and demands of the alleged "sub-conscious mind" invite and receive the assistance of evil spirits, and finally come under their control. Modern "Christianity" is Buddhism.
"The Rev. Dr. Day, Chancellor of the Syracuse University, recently, in an address to the Y. M. C. A., is reported by the public press to have said: 'Wouldn't you rather live in America than in Heaven? I would. I'd like to
go to Heaven when I can't be here. In fact, I think I'd be rather discontented in Heaven till I got adjusted. You can get anything you want here. You can live under forty odd governments, meet all the nations of the world, eat all the fruits of the world and get any kind of climate that you choose. So America is the best place to live; but I think when a man can't stay here any longer he ought to steer for Heaven.'" (Z.'08-196.) Having concluded to stay here as long as possible, "Christians" are now flocking by thousands to the purchase of works which will show them how to use spiritism to take advantage of their fellow men. The religious and other periodicals are now filled with advertisements of these books. We quote a few extracts to show their Satanic character:
"It is necessary to control others, to discover their plans. This you may be able to do if you have developed your inner faculties. "We show you how to so develop your intuitional nature that you are able to detect the feelings of others; to penetrate their secret motives; and to discover what they try to conceal. The Golden Rule must be followed in controlling others. 'Do unto others as you would that they should do unto you.' There comes more and more the power of seeing the future, so that more and more true becomes the old adage that coming events cast their shadows before. Health in time takes the place of disease; for all disease and its consequent suffering is merely the result of the violation of law, whether consciously or unconsciously. There comes a spiritual power which, as it is sent out, is adequate for the healing of others the same as in the days of old."
"Many omniscient men and women will soon walk the earth. Omniscience and Freedom are the goal of all, and in this Great Age of Light many Egos are approaching the blessed omniscience state."
"Suddenly it seemed that the top of my head had been lifted, and I became aware of an immense increase of personal consciousness. I became conscious, I say — I know what I am writing — of the vast sky above, and the mighty deeps below, and the wide sweep of present human life, and the long forward and backward stretch of human history. It seemed that I could sense the All. Since that day an is well. Life is deeper, richer, stronger — assured, fearless, and saturated with perennial vital interests." (What really happened to this man was that he became obsessed by demons.) — Rev. 7:3.
"The strength of these delusions lies in the grave errors mixed with truths long held by Christian people, because of the 'falling away' from the pure faith of the Apostolic
Church, foretold in the Scriptures. Among these errors none is designed to open the heart and mind to these delusive and destructive theories of today more effectually than the general belief of the first lie — 'Ye shall not surely die.' (Gen. 3:4.) The general acceptance of it results from a failure to understand the Bible doctrine concerning life and immortality, which were brought to light by our Lord Jesus through His Gospel of salvation from sin by His Ransom-sacrifice. The advocates of these false doctrines are surprisingly alert and active everywhere, especially in the United States, where thought is most active and where liberty often means license. Hundreds of thousands have embraced these errors as new and advanced light. The extent of their success is not fully apparent to many; for their success lies in a still hunt for prey. Their advocates are to be found in almost every congregation of every denomination, and especially among the more cultured; and the 'angel of light" feature is seldom neglected. The nominal churches are already permeated, leavened with these false doctrines. The Scriptural prophecy that 'a thousand shall fall at thy [the true Church's] side, and ten thousand at thy right band' (Psalm 91:3-14), is now fulfilled before our eyes." — Z.'15-343.
And I heard a voice. — The message through William Miller, from A. D. 1829 to 1844.
From [the four horns of] the golden altar which is before God. — ."The Golden Altar in the 'Holy' would seem to represent the 'little flock,' the consecrated Church in the present sacrificing condition." — T120.
9:14. Saying. — By pointing to the near fulfillment of the 2300 days. — Dan. 8:14.
To the sixth angel which had the trumpet. — The Evangelical Alliance-Spiritism movement. The Alliance proper was organized Sept. 2nd, 1846, at the end of the 2300 years. The spiritism feature began January, 1848. The two have been growing towards each other ever since until now they are substantially one and the same thing.
Loose the four angels. — Four errors in the nine fundamental principles of the Evangelical Alliance. We give the erroneous clauses by number: (3) "The unity of the Godhead, and the trinity of persons therein." See Rev. 6:4; 5:7. (5) "The incarnation of the Son of God." (8) "The immortality of the soul." (9) "The Divine institution of the Christian ministry" (i. e., the clergy).
Which are bound. — Hindered from gaining fullest expression.
In the great river Euphrates. — The world of mankind. — B209, D24.
And the four angels. — The four great errors of trinity. incarnation, immortality and lordship over God's heritage.
Were loosed. — Given greater liberties than ever before.
Which were prepared. — Each sect tor itself, and in its own time.
For [an] THE hour. — The hour of judgment, 1918.
[And a day] and [a] month, and [a] year. — Thirteen symbolic months, the 390 years of Protestantism's siege of the Papacy. — Ezek. 4:5.
For to slay. — To make nominal Christians of, to take away the manhood of.
The third part of men. — According to the World Almanac for 1917, the total number of Christians in the world at the beginning of the twentieth century was 571,400,000, of whom one third, 177,300,000, were Protestants.
9:16. And the number of the army of the horsemen. — In round numbers, at the time of identification.
Were two hundred thousand thousand. — Approximately two hundred millions.
[And] I heard the number of them. — Heard, heeded, or noted, the count as given in the World Almanac, as correct This is a tribute to a journal notorious for its ignoble, unjust and dishonest attacks on Pastor Russell. "Out of thine own mouth will I judge thee." And have you noticed, on the same principle, that nearly all the encyclopedic references herein are to the great standard Protestant works to be found in every capable minister's library? How is it that they do not know these things?
9:17. And thus I saw the horses in the vision. — Horses are symbols of teachings. It is the doctrines a man has been taught that carry him along to do things. "As a man thinketh, so is he." The man and his beliefs are inseparable. — Joel 2:4. (The four kinds of horses of Zech. 6:1-8 seem to refer to four companies of saved ones. Red, the Ancient Worthies; black, the. Little Flock; white, the Great Company; bay, the world of mankind.)
And them that sat [on] UPON them. — The total Protestant church membership.
Having breastplates of fire. — Keeping the doctrine of hell-fire well to the front in their teachings.
And of jacinth. — "The hyacinthus of the Romans is invariably blue and lustrous. This description suggests the blue flame which issues between the fire and the brimstone, represented as 'smoke' in verse 18." — Cook.
And brimstone. — Yes, indeed, plenty of brimstone went along with the hell-fire. — Rev. 14:10.
And the heads. — "The ancient and honorable, he is the head; and the prophet that teaches lies, he is the tail." —
Isa. 9:15. "In a genus of serpents or ophidian reptiles palled amphisboena the tail and head are equally obtuse, and the scales on the head so similar to those on the back as to render it difficult to distinguish one extremity front the other. Hence these reptiles have been supposed to have the power of creeping backwards or forwards with equal facility." (Cook.) — Isa. 29:10-14; John 4:22.
Were as the heads of lions. — Able to swallow the most ridiculous and impossible theories. — 1 Chron. 12:8.
And out of their mouths issued fire. — Sermons full of hell-fire.
And smoke. — See Rev. 9:18,
And brimstone. — O yes, surely; plenty of brimstone, to go with the hell-fire.
9:18. By these [three] PLAGUES was the third part of men. — The Protestant third of Christendom.
Killed. — Deprived of reason, manhood and dignity.
By the fire. — The sermons full of hell-fire.
And [by] the smoke. — Smoke is a symbol of confusion. The following is an extract from an article on the brain written by a well-known physician and alienist:

"To illustrate how effectually such conceptions served to block all progress in the science of life we may Quote one instance from a ponderous volume in my library with the date 1618 on Physiology and Anatomy by Hilkiah Crooke, Physician and Professor on Anatomy and Chirurgery to His Majesty, James I. Speaking of the origin and growth of hair, he says: 'The immediate matter of the haires is a sooty, thicke, and earthly vapour, which in the time of the third concoction (distillation) is elevated by the strength of the action of naturall heate, and passeth through the pores of the skin, which heate exiceateth or drieth this moysture of these sootie and thicke vapours, for the vapour being thicke, in his passage leaveth some part of it selfe, to wit, the grossest, in the very outlet, where it is impacted by a succeeding vapour arising where the former did, la protruded and thrust forward, so that they are wrought together in one body. The straightness of the passages of the skin were through the matter of the haires is auoyded, formeth them into a small roundness, even as a wyre receyeth that proportion whereof the whole is, where through it is drawne.' One great office of the hairs of the head, therefore, Crooke perceived to be to lead off 'the vapors which otherwise would choke and make smoaky the braine,' though how hopelessly choked the brains of all bald heads hence would be he does not mention." A study of the foregoing leads to the conclusion that the various churches must have been founded by
bald-headed men, and the smoke being unable to find its way out through their scalps naturally had to come out of their mouths!
And [by] the brimstone. — Yes, indeed; plenty of brimstone.
Which issued out of their mouths. — Especially when an evangelist firm is in town looking for shekels.
9:19. For [their power] THE POWER OF THE HORSES is in their mouth. — Assuredly, assuredly; it certainly is not in the Scriptures.
And in their tails. — Followers, "Workers," class-leaders.  — Isa. 9:15.
For their tails were like unto serpents. — Bright enough to know better.
And had heads. — Wills of their own — unlike the "Beheaded" saints (Rev. 20:4.)
And with them they do hurt. — Damage the cause of Truth.
9:20. And the rest of the men. — Those ordinary "good fellows" (and bad ones too), men of the world who had too much sense to swallow what is taught by any of the sects.
Which were not killed by these THEIR plagues. — Who remained "unconverted" to the mass of errors masquerading in the name of religion.
Yet repented not of the works of their hands. — Failed to turn their money, brains and service over to the nominal church, but continued on in their own way.
That they should not worship devils. — Joining, if they choose, the Masons, Odd Fellows and other secret organizations teaching a debased form of religion. — Lev. 17:7; Deut. 32:17; 1 Cor. 10:20.
And idols of gold, and sliver and [brass] COPPER. — Having their affection set upon currency in hand and in the bank. — Psa. 115:1-4; Dan. 5:22, 23.
And stone, and of wood. — Giving their attention to earthly affairs, improvements in real estate, etc.
Which neither can see, nor hear, nor walk. — But are more or less permanent, tangible and fixed.
9:21. Neither repented they of their murders. — Teaching hell-fire keeps nobody from being a murderer or a slanderer. — Rev. 21:8.
Nor their sorceries. — Use of drugs, Greek. Teaching hell-fire keeps nobody from being a drug fiend or pseudo-philosopher. — Rev. 21:8.
Nor of their [fornification] [sic] WICKEDNESS. — Teaching hell-fire keeps nobody from being a wicked man.
Nor of their thefts. — Teaching hell-fire keeps nobody from engaging in "high finance."
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